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Government Terms 4,5,6 - minorities by the drawing of the...

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Government Terms 4, 5, 6 Political Socialization Process by which background traits influence one’s political views Internal Efficacy The ability to understand and take part in politics External Efficacy The willingness of the state to respond to the citizenry Libel Writing that falsifies another person Slander The use of spoken words to harm someone's reputation Strict Scrutiny Test A Supreme Court test to see if a law denies equal protection because it does not serve a compelling state interest and is not narrowly tailored to achieve a goal Heightened Scrutiny Courts will look at a law with a certain level of scrutiny, but it is not at the highest level De Facto Segregation Racial segregation that occurs in schools, not as a result of the law, but as a result of patterns of residential settlement De Jure Segregation Racial segregation that is required by law Racial Gerrymandering Drawing the boundaries of legislative districts in bizarre or unusual shapes to favor one’s party; in this case, it refers to the suppression of
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Unformatted text preview: minorities by the drawing of the districts Selective Incorporation Court cases that apply the Bill of Rights to states Establishment Clause First amendment ban on laws “respecting an establishment of religion” Free-Exercise Clause First amendment requirement that law cannot prevent free exercise of religion Exclusionary Rule Improperly gathered evidence may not be introduced in a criminal trial Good Faith Exception An error in gathering evidence sufficiently minor that it may be used in a trial Indictment A formal accusation of having committed a criminal offense that is granted by a grand jury or by papers to the court Double Jeopardy A procedural defense that forbids that a defendant be tried twice for the same crime Racial Profiling The inclusion of racial or ethnic characteristics in determining whether a person is considered likely to commit a particular type of crime...
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