Chapter-16 - Chapter 16: The Ferment of Reform and Culture...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 16: The Ferment of Reform and Culture (1790-1860) I. Reviving Religion a. Church attendance were regular in 1850(3/4 pop) b. Many relied on Deism (reason rather revelation); rejected original sin, denied Christ’s divinity but believed in supreme being that created universe c. Puritans of the past now-Unitarian faith(New Eng.) -god existed in only 1 person not in orthodox trinity; stressed goodness of human nature -belief n free will & salvation through good work; pictured God as loving father d. liberalism in relig started in 1800 -tidal wave of spiritual fervor that result prison, church reform, temperance cause, women’s movement, abolish slavery -spread to mass through huge “camp meetings” -E went to W to Christianize Indians -Methodists & Baptist stressed personal conversion, demo in church affairs, emotionalism -Peter Cartwright-best known of “circuit riders” -Charles Grandison Finney were greatest of revival preachers -led massive revivals in Rochester & New York II. Denominational Diversity a. revival furthered fragmentation of religious faith -New York w/ Puritans preaching “hellfire” known as “Burned-out District” -Millerites(Adventists)-Christ return to earth on Oct 22,1844 (didn’t come) b. st ) -conservatives, propertied-Episcopalian, Presbyterian, Congregationalists, Unitarians c. Religious further split w/ issue on slavery (Methodist, Presbyterians split) III. A Desert Zion in Utah a. Joseph Smith(1830) came up(NY) w. Mormon & Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints -antagonism toward Mormons for polygamy, drilling militia, voting as a unit -Smith died but succeeded by Brigham Young who led followers to Utah -grew quickly by 1850s by birth & immigration from Euro -federal gov. marched to Utah when Young became govnr. But no bloodshed -polygamy prevented Utah entrance to US till 1896 IV. Free School for a Free People a. b. Gradually support bec. “brats” might grow up to be rabbles w. voting rights c. Free pub edu, triumphed in 1825 w/ vote power in Jackson elect -ill taught & ill trained teachers -Horace Mann fought for better school -too expensive for many community; blacks exempt from edu. d.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/17/2008 for the course HIST 171 taught by Professor Ss during the Fall '08 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

Page1 / 3

Chapter-16 - Chapter 16: The Ferment of Reform and Culture...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online