Intelligence Test Essays - 1 Caliel Hines Mrs Foley AP Psychology Intelligence Test Essays 1 Explain Intelligence Generally speaking intelligence is

Intelligence Test Essays - 1 Caliel Hines Mrs Foley AP...

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1 Caliel Hines Mrs. Foley, AP Psychology Intelligence Test Essays 1.Explain Intelligence. Generally speaking, intelligence is known to be a mental quality that consists of the ability to learn from experience. This allows individuals to solve problems and use knowledge to adapt to new situations. However there are many other components to describe intelligence and how a person is able to function using cognitive abilities. These components are considered to be the different aspects and perspectives on intelligence in the form of theories. Thus the field of psychology that deals with intelligence recognizes four distinct theories that provide accurate perspectives to the different components of intelligence. The first being that of Spearman’s General Intelligence theory. This theory simply states that we as individuals possess a basic intelligence that is able to predict abilities in a variety of areas. For example, areas such as verbal and spatial abilities provide solid academically based subjects that follow a general intelligence format. Nevertheless it is essential to consider the fact that human abilities are extremely diverse which makes it extremely difficult to contain it into a single general intelligence factor. On the other hand, Thurstone’s Primary Mental Abilities theory provides a wider range of informative factors that play into one’s intellectual abilities. It basically states that one’s intelligence is able to break down into seven distinct factors, these factors are: word fluency, verbal comprehension, spatial ability, perceptual speed, numerical ability, inductive reasoning, and memory. Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences theory is very similar in the sense that it provides a number of important abilities that factor into an individual’s human adaptability. These abilities are known as the eight independent intelligences. Consequently, Sternberg’s Triarchic theory is centralized around three classified areas: analytical, creative, and practical. These three areas of intelligence are able to predict real-world success in that all three can be reliably measured. Although, it may be safe to say that these three

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