Wilderness study guide final 3

Wilderness study guide final 3 - Environmentalism A...

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Environmentalism A broadly-based social/political movement with the general goal of maintaining the stability of the biosphere and preserving the integrity of its resources over the long term. (assumes the future of the biosphere includes humans). ( David Brower has been a key political leader). Concessions Policy Act (1965): 1965 Concessions Policy Act - " sweetheart deal or good public policy?" - provides for no public involvement (pre-NEPA) a. Possessory Interest (guaranteed return for investments) b. no set boundaries for franchise fee (negotiable and low) c. long term leases (up to 30 years) d. preferential right of renewal (no competition) Wilderness Act: The Wilderness Act marked an innovation for three reasons : 1. first national effort in taking the offensive (proactive) for preserving wildlands (not defensive) 2. support for the idea , not a particular place 3. an unprecedented degree of protection (i.e. a national system of wild country) The purposes of the Wilderness Act: "shall be administered for the use and enjoyment of the American people in such a manner as will leave them unimpaired for future use and enjoyment as wilderness, and so as to provide for the protection of these areas, the preservation of their wilderness character" "Except as otherwise provided in this Act , wilderness areas shall be devoted to the public purposes of recreational , scenic , scientific , educational , conservation , and historical use." 3. Required the four federal land management agencies to inventory and make recommendations for wilderness system additions ( NPS , USFS, USFWS and BLM ) - each manages its own wilderness 4. Prohibition of certain nonconforming uses (there are exceptions): • commercial enterprises • roads • motorized vehicles and equipment • aircraft landings • mechanized transportation • permanent structures • logging • mining, water development and grazing (several exceptions) National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA ): National Environmental Policy Act ( NEPA ) - 1970 (pertains to projects and actions for all federal agencies),mandated public involvement ,environmental impact statements ( EIS ) or EA’s, rational and interdisciplinary planning wilderness allocation: The Wilderness Act specified for wilderness allocation and for wilderness management wilderness allocation - the process of identifying public areas for potential wilderness protection and classification by government agencies and interested publics. (wilderness classification process)
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Echo Park : The dam battles resume - By the 1940's dams were proposed at Echo Park, Glacier, Grand Canyon and Kings Canyon (Projects created from the Reclamation Act) a. Echo Park (1950's) - part of the Colorado River Storage Project - key shift * - While preservationists were opposed to alterations of designated wilderness, they
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Wilderness study guide final 3 - Environmentalism A...

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