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prm 380 study guide

prm 380 study guide - Animism belief that animals have...

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Animism - belief that animals have souls/ that all parts of nature are of value and are important. St francis preached to all gods creatures because they are all important Ambivalence- feeling two ways about one thing, so you might want to keep cars from going up a mountain but you also would love for your grandmother who can’t walk to get up there as well. folk traditions/classical mythology- These are one of the old world traditions from Europe that were carried to the new world. Folk-lore is bewolves/ werewolves/beasts/Hansel and Gretel; classical mythology are the greek gods and goddesses/romans Judeo-Christian Tradition- White believes it was the most anthropocentric religion that has ever been practiced. Came from Europe, took things from bible and made wilderness seem like a place were the devil lived. Garden of Eden; Genesis- made wilderness seem less beautiful, imperfect; anything that was not Jewish, muslim, or catholic (aka pagan) was seen as heathen Anthropocentric- Man centered universe. People are the most important and everything on earth is to serve man’s perpose. Proportioning- Thoureu’s idea that man needs to be in nature and cultivation. He developed this idea after living in maine for two years because he realized that he couldn’t sololy live within nature. It was necessary to blend the two. Biocentric- Earth centered. All things in nature serve a purpose and have a purpose in the world. They are subjects not objects (McFague) Deism- The belief that came along with romantisicm that there is a place for god and an appreciation of nature. Nature is a representation of gods creation. Naturalistic belief of a supreme being Native American- The name given to Indians to recognize their history. These are the people that inhabitated the “new world” before the Europeans came. Sublimity- The intangible feeling that nature brings, the emotional side of being in nature; an association between god and wild nature Antipathy- an extreme dislike or hate; in the case of this class antipathy was catalyzed by being in the wilderness. Touqville said that the people in the new world developed this because they were in the middle of nature, they had to survive in it so they were unable to appreciate it. Enlightenment- Came about when more educated people started writing/reading about nature. Brought on romanticism of nature which created apprecetian through
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primitivism/deism/sublimity/picturesque; people started to study nature, not just the bible Primitivism- Being completely in nature brings us to be our most complete or true selves. The further we get in nature, the better off we are, the further we get into cultivation, the worse we are. The further we get from nature and the closer to civilization we come to, the less happy we are. Rousseau talked about the “noble savage” “Old World” attitudes- Folklore/Mythology; Judeo-christian tradition, and we need to survive b/c we are in wilderness.
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