PSYC 3050 CH 1

PSYC 3050 CH 1 - Chapter 1: History of I/O I-O...

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Chapter 1: History of I/O
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I-O Pre-Psychology Psychology's formal "birthdate" 1879 Wilhelm Wundt established the first psychology laboratory Aristotle (Politic) Developed foundations for many modern management concepts Medieval European guilds Machiavelli (The Prince, 1527) Thomas Hobbes (1651) advocated strong centralized leadership Adam Smith (1776), The Wealth of Nations 2
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Founders of I/O Psychology Frederick W. Taylor Realized value of redesigning work situation to increase productivity Created work breaks
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Applying Scientific Management
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Founders of I/O Psychology Walter Dill Scott— first to apply the principles of psychology to motivation and productivity in the workplace books on ad/sales psychology
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Founders of I/O Psychology Hugo Munsterberg German psychologist, applied experimental methods to perception, attention Book focused on worker selection, designing work situations, psych in ad sales
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World War I (1917-1918) Robert Yerkes proposed ways of screening recruits for mental deficiency and assigning selected recruits to army jobs Developed Army Alpha 1917: Journal of Applied Psychology
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Between the Wars (1919-1940) James Cattell: Psychological Corporation (1921) 1920’s first doctoral degrees in Industrial Psychology in
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PSYC 3050 CH 1 - Chapter 1: History of I/O I-O...

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