Psyc_2000 Final Study Guide

Psyc_2000 Final Study Guide - Final Study Guide Stress: the...

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Stress : the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging. Stressors: events that cause stress. Stressors can have positive effects, arousing and motivating us to conquer problems. Stressors can also threaten our resources, such as our job security and our self-image to name a few. Role of Appraisal in Stress: how we appraise an event influences how much stress we experience and how effectively we respond. Common Stressful Life Events: Catastrophes, Significant Life Changes, and Daily Hassles. Physiological Response to Stress: a unified mind-body system. The adrenal glands release stress hormones on orders received through a dual-track system which leads to fight or flight. Selye’s 3-Phase Adaptive Response to Stress (GAS): Alarm Reaction due to your sudden activation of your sympathetic nervous system With your resources mobilized, you are now ready to fight the challenge: Resistance Exhaustion Behavioral Medicine: an interdisciplinary field that integrates behavioral and medical knowledge and applies that knowledge to health and disease. Health Psychology: a subfield of psychology that provides psychology’s contribution to behavioral medicine. Relationships between Stress and Health: Stress can put us at risk for one of today’s four leading causes of serious illness and death: heart disease, cancer, stroke, and chronic lung disease. People’s behaviors and stress responses are major influences on health and disease. Coronary Heart Disease: the closing of the vessels that nourish the heart muscle. This is a leading cause of death and there are many causes of this disease, both behavioral and physiological. Psychophysiological Illness: mind/body illness. Any stress related physical illness, such as hypertension or some headaches. Lymphocytes: the two types of white blood cells that are part of the body’s immune system. Nocebo Effect: means “I will harm”. An ill effect caused by the suggestion or belief that something is harmful. These patients presume the worst healthwise and usually get it. Type A Personality: competitive, hard-working, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger-prone people. Type B Personality: easy-going, relaxed people. Type D Personality: distressed, marked by negative emotions and social inhibition. These people are at high risk of heart disease. Relationships between health and…: Aerobic Exercise: alleviates stress and negative emotions. Exercise boosts our mood and benefits our physical health. Biofeedback: a system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle physiological state, such as blood pressure or muscle tension. o
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Psyc_2000 Final Study Guide - Final Study Guide Stress: the...

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