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Lecture Notes (Test 1) History 1003

Lecture Notes (Test 1) History 1003 - NOTES FOR TEST 1 THE...

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NOTES FOR TEST 1 THE REFORMATION IN EUROPE In the 16 th century Europe witnesses many changes. The most significant event of the 16 th century was the Protestant reformation. It forced people to make a choice of either being Catholic or Protestant. Beforehand there was no choice, there was only Catholicism. Roots of the Reformation: In about 1460, Renaissance humanism begins to influence scholars in Europe and change the way many people think about the church and about the world. These humanists were interested in morality, ethics, and especially debates over religion and the Bible. As a result, they started criticizing corruption in the Catholic church, the idol-ness of monastic life (life in the monastery), and they didn’t like parts of religious practice they saw as illogical or superstitious. These roots didn’t pose an immediate threat but created a critical spirit of the church throughout general society (something which no one did before this). Later on, they directly challenge church practice and doctrine—this paves the way for the Reformation. The papacy had other critics including the monarchs of other countries. These monarchs wanted greater authority over religious affairs—they didn’t like the fact that the pope had so much control over their religious practices. The result of all of this culminates in the Reformation which shatters the unity of western Christianity. Critics of the church began attacking the churches financial and moral corruption. The most significant abuse was the selling of indulgences. -In 1515, Albert of Hohenzollern (a 23 year old man who was not old enough to be a bishop) wanted to be an archbishop. He goes to Pope Leo X and offers to buy the position by splitting the profits from indulgences (half to Leo and half to Albert). He borrows a large amount money. They begin selling the St, Peter’s indulgence which keeps people out of purgatory. John Tetzel is the Dominican friar which sells the indulgences. He treated the sale of indulgences as a business. -In general, an indulgence was supposed to reduce the amount of time someone spent in purgatory. They believed no one went straight to heaven and everyone went to purgatory for some amount of time. The practice originally began during the crusades to build churches and hospitals but it is extended in 1497 when the pope said you could not only buy them for yourself, you could buy them for your family members. This gives the impression that the wealthy can go to heaven and the poor simply have to suffer. It creates the idea that you can buy your way into heaven. There was a popular saying that, “the moment money rings in the collection cup, a soul is released to purgatory.”
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Indulgences are the big abuse that many are unhappy with.
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Lecture Notes (Test 1) History 1003 - NOTES FOR TEST 1 THE...

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