COMD 2050 test 2

COMD 2050 test 2 - COMD Test 2 Notes Thursday 12:18 PM COMD...

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COMD Test 2 Notes Thursday, February 15, 2007 12:18 PM COMD Test 2 Notes   NO CLASS ON TUESDAY 2/19/08 2/14/08  1. Where do words come from? [Be able to give examples of the following on test.] 1. Coinage- the invention of totally new words; MAKE THEM UP; COINAGE RARELY HAPPENS; EX)  KLEENEX IS A BRAND BUT PEOPLE USE THEM TO DESCRIBE TISSUE; 2. Borrowing - adopting words from other languages.  Ex. Alcohol is borrowed from the Arabic language;  EX)PRETZEL=GERMAN; YOGURT= TURKISH 3. Compounding - putting two words together to form one word; COMPOUND WORDS;  Ex. Sunburn,  NOTEBOOK, WATERFALL 4. Blending - mixing two words to form one word.  Ex. Smoke + fog-->Smog; CRUNK=CRAZY DRUNK;  INTERNET=INTERCONNECTIVE NETWORK; TELEPHON= TELEPHONE MARATHON;  CHILLAX=CHILL AND RELAX 5. Clipping - occurs when a word of more than one syllable is reduced to a shorter form, usually in casual speech.  Ex. Photocopy become copy; THOMAS BECOMES TOM; SITCOM= MIX OF ?? 6. Backformation - when a word of one type (noun, verb) is reduced to for another word of a different type.  Ex. The noun babysitter was reduced to form the verb baby-sit; DONATION (NOUN)= = REDUCED TO  FORM DONATE 7. Conversion - similar to backformation but is not reduced;  a change in the function of a word without a  reduction.  Ex. The noun butter can also be a verb, to butter; PAPER- NOUN TO VERB;  8. Acronyms - formed from the initial letters of a set of words.  Ex. NATO= North Atlantic Treaty  Organization.  1. 2 KINDS : a. ALPHABETIC 1. LSU, ETC. . b. WORDS THAT ARE PRONOUNCED 1. NATO, ETC… 9. Derivation -  words are formed by adding affixes- small bits of language that have meaning (prefixes-un,  suffixes-ing, infixes-ABSOfuckingLUTELY, FUCKING IS THE ONLY INFIX IN ENGLISH  LANGUAGE.) ; WE DERIVE WORDS FROM OTHER WORDS BY ADDING AFFIXES   
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(35) Morphology - the study of forms; analyzes all the basic elements of a language--not just words but parts of  words as well.  1. Morpheme - minimal unit of meaning or grammatical function; can be an affix; EX) CAT, ANY WORD  YOU CAN THINK OF IS EITHER A MORPHEME OR TYPE OR CONVOLATION OF  MORPHEMES 2. Free morpheme - morpheme that can stand alone; also called the stem or root; EX) CAT, DESK, CHAIR,  ETC… 1. Lexical - nouns, adjectives, verbs, ADVERBS; carry content to mean something; open class- can  make new ones (iPod, e-mail). 2. Functional - prepositions, conjunctions, articles, and pronouns; closed class. 3.
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This note was uploaded on 09/18/2008 for the course COMD 2050 taught by Professor Collins during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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COMD 2050 test 2 - COMD Test 2 Notes Thursday 12:18 PM COMD...

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