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Unformatted text preview: 3 WEAVING AN ETHNIC TAPESTRY: IMMIGRANT PATTERNS Allglo-Alllair" alld 1..4lin America represent distincrlve adop/iolls ofman to chI' New World. Wi/llill file bOlmda,.ic,~ of each ofIh.. l1\. the Amerk'U1 /lIoiu", the African Negro. &s/ Indi- anf, ChinaI', Japanne, Iialians, Poli.<h, Germans, and other peoples have been incorporored /lnd have made impor/anl cui/ural conlribu/'(l1lJ. Ch:rrle.~ Wagley, scholar' 6' 64 CHAPTER 3 The weaving of Latin America's ethnic tapestry intensified as local demographics were augmented by immigrations from around the world. The first to come-forced to come-were the Africans. From an area as large and diven;e as Europe, many dif- ferent Africans arrived on ships oflhe Al1antieslave trade. The ehildren of these black immigrants did not remain African, for Ijke criol1o~ they were born in the new world. And pet"!Jons of Afriean anceslIy mixed with whites, Indigens, nle1ltiros, and Afriellns of differenl cultures. Bill a continuous stream-lasting 400 years--repcaledly re- newed Afriean awareness. Today, Afric8nness permeates the America~: when not directly by race, then iadi~tly through tasle, cadence, expression, and manners. And descendants of Africans are numerous in partieular areas. During the nineteenth century, heavy immigration from olher contincnts replaced the stream ofarriving Africans. Peasants from Europe flooded southern Somh Amer- ica. Most came from Spain, ItElly, and Portugal, but sizable numbers also dcparted from Irellllld, Gennany, and other northern and eastern European nulionll. Asians came too. In colonial limes, Asians crewed Spanish ships leaving the Philippines for new world ports. During the national era, large numbers of Chinesc were brought to Mexico Illld Pem, while smaller groups arrived in Central Amcriea and the Caribbean. The British and Dutch brought indentured workers from India and Indonesia to Caribbean estates. Japanese farmers settled in Brazil. And Jews and Arabs from the easlern Mediterraneall traveled in the hold.~ of European freighters to Buenos Aires, Santos, and wherever bulk commodities were exported from Latin Ameriea. These immigrants from many lands helped weave tatin America's ethnic tapestry, The African Latin legacy blends a transatlamic heritage with new world dcmands. Held hostage for lifetimes, Afrieans arriving as slaves adapted by t9(lping the twin wellsprings of cullllres remembered and creative pragmatism. They developed dis- tinctive cuisine, crafumanship, dance, music, spirituality, and langnage. Tho~e re- gions steeped in African Latin herililge demonstrate a vibrancy of life that 1000ay at- tracts social scientists, tourisls, and entertainers for whom modem life has been comfortable, predictable, and perhaps boring?...
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This note was uploaded on 09/18/2008 for the course LAMS 1190W taught by Professor Hines during the Spring '08 term at UConn.
- Spring '08