History Of The US From 1877

History Of The US From 1877 - History Of The United States...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
History Of The United States From 1877 1. Waving the Bloody Shirt- Term used for the demagogy used in the United States in the 1860s and 70s by Reconstruction politicians to bring to mind the memories of the Civil War. The implication was that the Democrats, here equated with Southerners, were responsible for the War and the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. “Waving the Bloody Shirt” was something that was done both in a figurative and a literal sense by politicians. Applied to the election campaign of 1876. 2. Sharecroppers- Where the land owner rents a piece of land to a laborer and his family. They paid the land owner in crops. Mostly black. 3. Tenant Farmers- One who resides on and farms land owned by a landlord. They arrange to pay with money, not crops. Mostly white. 4. The Gilded Age- 1876-1914. It was a period of intense economic development and wealth transfer in the US. The term Gilded Age was coined by Mark Twain in his book . Following the generation of the Civil War and Reconstruction of the South, this period corresponded with the 2 nd Industrial Revolution and the greatest economic, territorial, industrial, and population expansion in American history. The explosion of commerce and heavy industry, supported by mercantilist economic policies and federal railway subsidies, the innovation of new techniques in steel production and the use of electric power and the continued development of the American West transformed dramatic social changes, created a number of immensely wealthy businessmen, the “Robber Barons” and also stimulated the American Labor Movement. Also important in the Gilded Age is the drastic changes made in education, to assimilate the immigrants, and the religion movements. Also strikes, depressions, despair and bitterness, optimism and free-spending (“get rich quick” schemes). The span of this era ranges from the end of the Civil War, 1869, to the turn of the century. 5. The Compromise of 1877 - “Corrupt bargain.” Democrats say they will accept Hayes if the national government would no longer intervene in southern affairs. This would permit the burden of racial isolation and the disfranchisement (depriving them the right to vote) of black voters. They said they would accept him under these conditions: Hayes had to end reconstruction and appoint at least one southerner to the cabinet, return patronage to local level (we can’t have people from far away doing it, we need local people), federal government to provide money to build schools for international improvements (rebuild south physically with federal dollars), construct RR line from New Orleans to LA to connect the south with the west). 6. Patronage - The practice by holders of political office of appointing their followers or fellow party members to positions. The glue that holds together the political party. 7.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/10/2008 for the course HIST 021 taught by Professor Coohill during the Fall '07 term at Penn State.

Page1 / 5

History Of The US From 1877 - History Of The United States...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online