history chapter 14 pdf - The Formation of Western Europe...

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The Formation of Western Europe, 800–1500 Previewing Main Ideas RELIGIOUS AND ETHICAL SYSTEMS In Western Europe the time period from 800 to 1500 is known as the Age of Faith. Christian beliefs inspired the Crusades and the building of great cathedrals, and guided the development of universities. Geography In which political unit was the capital of Christianity, Rome, located? ECONOMICS Medieval Europeans developed new methods of trade and new systems of finance and commerce. The changes are known as the Commercial Revolution. Geography Through which political units would a trader pass if he left from Venice and went to Calais using a land route? CULTURAL INTERACTION Although destructive in many ways, the Crusades resulted in a great deal of cultural exchange. Medieval Christian Europe learned and adopted much from the Muslim world. Geography A stopping place for Crusaders on their way to the Holy Land was the city of Constantinople. In what political unit is Constantinople located? 376 Interactive Maps Interactive Visuals Interactive Primary Sources VIDEO Patterns of Interaction video series: Bubonic Plague and Smallpox INTERNET RESOURCES Go to classzone.com for: Research Links Maps Internet Activities Test Practice Primary Sources Current Events Chapter Quiz
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378 Chapter 14 What are the dangers and rewards of going on a Crusade? You are a squire in England. The knight you serve has decided to join a Christian Crusade (a holy war) to capture the city of Jerusalem from the Muslims. He has given you the choice of joining or staying home to look after his family and manor. On an earlier Crusade, the knight and his friends looted towns and manors, taking jewels and precious objects. But some of the knights were also held for ransom, robbed, and murdered. You are torn between the desire for adventure and possible riches that you might find on the Crusade, and fear of the hazards that await you on such a dangerous journey. EXAMINING the ISSUES What reasons might an individual have to join a Crusade? What might be the advantages and disadvantages of staying home to defend the knight’s family and estate? As a class, discuss these questions. In your discussion, remember what you’ve learned about the power of religious beliefs to move people to action. As you read about the Crusades in this chapter, see how events turned out for the Crusaders. Richard the Lion-Hearted leads a group of Crusaders on the Third Crusade to regain Jerusalem from the Muslims. Servants and women sometimes accompanied the Crusaders as they made their way toward the Holy Land. 2 1
The Formation of Western Europe 379 MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES CULTURAL INTERACTION The Catholic Church underwent reform and launched Crusades against Muslims.

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