Family Relationships 1/17/17 Important ideas/terms to remember: Fact: a statement that can be verified and is established w/ overwhelming evidence (Opposite could be thought of as a myth) Value / Opinion / Belief: a statement that is not possible to prove or disprove through scientific evidence Sample Selection Population o All individuals in a group that share a particular characteristic o Often impossible to find and survey all individuals in the group Sample o A group of individuals who represent the entire population Methods: Surveys Used to systematically collect information Predetermined questions Questionnaires Interviews Focus groups Methods: Field Research Systematic observation of people in their natural surroundings Participant observers o Researchers interact naturally, but do not reveal their identities as researchers Methods: Secondary Analysis Use of data that was collected by someone else o Historical documents o Public records o Official statistics o Surveys obtained by other researchers Methods: Experiments Examination of cause and effect relationships under controlled conditions Individuals assigned by experimenter into one of two or more groups The Ethics and Politics of Family Research Codes of Ethics o Helps protect human research subjects
Data is confidential Protect participant’s identity o Helps keep research “honest” Prevents biased researched Political issues can affect both research agendas and reporting procedures o Grant funding targeted toward specific diseases 1/24/17 The Ethics and Politics of Family Research Political issues can affect both research agendas and reporting procedures o Grant funding targeted toward specific diseases o Criticism from Congress on use of funds (The Wastebook) o Having healthy relationships lead to a more healthy, developed society Liberals More concerned with social problems More likely to be left-winged than right What is Family? A family is o A group of related people living together: share genetic material, are married, adopted A household is o The person(s) who live in a housing unit Sociological Perspective “The family deals with reproduction and care and support for children and adults” (Skolnick & Skolnick, 2009) Historical Perspectives Love as a requirement for marriage is a more recent development o Still not necessary in arranged marriages o Pre-industrial families – love and commitment not related Role of children has changed o Pre-industrial children were producers o Transformation to economic dependents Children now play more than work o Rates of childbirth have decreased with this change Function of family has changed o Shift from public to private o No longer the same contract for production as part of society Gender Roles
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- Spring '08