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Chapter 3 American Federalism-1

Chapter 3 American Federalism-1 - Federalism Review Tips...

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Federalism Review Tips Remember to distinguish between f ederalism  (division of governments among different geographic levels) and separation of powers (the division and sharing of powers among the three branches of any one geographic level of government). The distinctions among unitary governments, confederations, and federal governments should be stressed in order to place the choice the framers made into context. Federalism is not the only way for a system of government to be organized. Using federalism was one way for the framers to establish another constraint on the powers of the national government. But in some ways the framers were merely accepting the reality that the states existed and had the loyalty of a good part of the public. While the system does serve to constrain the national government, it also has served as a barrier to those who want rights and liberties protected from state government, such as African Americans and women (a Civil War was fought over this, and women had received the right to vote in many western states as early as the 1880s). Due to federalism, practically every governmental program now involves several  layers of government working (and fighting) together in planning, funding, implementing, and evaluating.
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