congress lec 2

congress lec 2 - AP LECTURE: CONGRESS 2 I. Organization of...

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AP LECTURE: CONGRESS 2 I. Organization of Congress A. Making Policy Of all the jobs congressmen have to do, actually making policy is perhaps the toughest. Due to the fact that there are over 11,000 bills introduced to Congress each year, Congressmen are not going to know information about each and every bill. To make matters worse, they are surrounded by “experts” on the Hill: lobbyists from both sides, members of the media, bureaucrats testifying in committee- even their own staff people. In order to give the Congressmen some chance at specializing when it comes to voting- Congress has been organized over the years to facilitate policymaking. B. Differences between House and Senate The Great Compromise of 1787 divided Congress into two chambers: the House and the Senate. This is an important fact about our Congress because very few national legislatures actually have 2 powerful branches in government. As James Madison explained in Federalist 51, the Founders wanted to split the legislature into 2 parts in order to allow specialization and avoid a tyrannical legislative branch. Each of these chambers has different duties (show overhead). By creating a bicameral Congress, the Founders established another check and balance in government. For example, no bill can be passed unless both chambers agree; thus each chamber has a veto over the other. Although Congress ahs lost some power at the expense of the presidency in the last 50 years- it still is one of the most powerful legislatures in the world-having 5 major duties. C. Duties of Congress First, Congress represents the diversity and conflicting views of all Americans- no matter where they live. Second, Congress makes laws in order to solve problems or prevent others from occurring. Third, Congress performs oversight of the Executive branch- the White House and Bureaucracy included.
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congress lec 2 - AP LECTURE: CONGRESS 2 I. Organization of...

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