96AP7&8

96AP7&8 - CHAPTERS7&8 October23,1996 I...

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________________ October 23, 1996 NAME I 20 multiple guess and two short essays 1. David Broder, author of The Party's Over , would most likely advocate all the following EXCEPT a. strengthening the machinery of political parties b. splitting the ticket to ensure that neither party had too much control c. assigning leadership posts in the Congress on the basis of party loyalty d. having congressional candidates and presidential nominees run unified, coordinated campaigns e. channeling campaign contributions through the party, rather than through the individual candidate's treasury 2. What is not true of ticket splitting? It a. made the Democrats a viable, significant party, even as they lost 5 out of 6 consecutive presidential elections b. serves to make each party unaccountable for policy failures c. was far more prevalent in the first part of the century than it is today d. was particularly evident in the landslide elections of 1972 and 1984 e. is possible due to separation of powers and federalism 3. The disadvantage to the parties of the current system of presidential nomination is that it a. increases the chances of a faction's bolting from the party b. decreases the chances of a faction's bolting from the party c. affords little opportunity to minorities to voice concerns. d increases the chances of nominating a candidate unappealing to rank and file voters. e. decreases convention delegate turnout 4. Caucuses, primaries, and other changes to the way campaigns are now run have served to a. strengthen the party b. increase voter turnout c. weaken the power of party leaders d. make the parties more centrist e. keep solidarity groups out of the political process 5. Party activists are not likely to
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a. have a role in the nominating convention b. resemble the average citizen c. take issues seriously d. work very hard e. support a candidate with strong ideological appeal 6. All of the following statements about old-style political machines are true except a. The chief concern of machine members was patronage b. The classical machine-type party was developed and perfected in the 19th century before the large- scale Irish and Italian immigrations c. To machines, winning was less important than voting one's ideology d. Machines were characterized by a high degree of leadership control over member activity e. Machines were heavily staffed by federal employees 7. Why was George Washington, among other Founders, so opposed to political parties? a. Because they were thought to be a temporary phenomenon b. Because the Constitution made clear the dangers of partisanship in government c. Because the political parties during the early years of the republic were both strong and centralized d. Because in the early days of the republic, disputes over policies and elections were not easily separated from disputes over governmental legitimacy e. Because of political parties during the early years of the republic represented clear, homogeneous economic
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96AP7&8 - CHAPTERS7&8 October23,1996 I...

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