Chapter 2 Soc Study guide

Chapter 2 Soc Study guide - Chapter 2 How did the author...

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Chapter 2 How did the author discover cultural relativism in North Africa? Culture Relativism : we can try to understand a culture on its own terms. This means looking at how the elements of a culture fit together, without judginig those elements as superior or inferior to our own way of life. The author discovered cultural relativism in North Africa when he stands in line waiting for officials to examen his passport. Know the definitions and be able to give examples. Culture : the language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors and even material objects that are passed from one generation to the next. Material Culture : the material objects that distinguish a group of people, such as their art, buildings, weapons, utensils, machines, hairstyles, clothing, and jewelry. Nonmaterial Culture : (also called symbolic culture ) a group’s ways of thinking (including its beliefs, values, and other assupmptions about the world) and doing (its common patters of behavior, including language and other forms of interaction.) Is there anything natural about culture? Umm. . no. Nothing natural about material culture either. How does the culture within us lead to ethnocentrism? Ethnocentrism : the use of one’s own culture as a yardstick for juidging the ways of other individuals or societies, generally leading to a negative evaluation of their values, norms and behaviors. Your cultures views supress the idea that those views are correct while others are not. You challenge other cultures’ ways around what you know to be true, whether it truly is or not. What is culture shock? Have an example from your own life. Culture Shock : the disorientation that people experience when they come in contact with a fundamentally different culture and can no longer depend on their taken-for-granted assumptions about life. Concentrate on #5 – What do you think after reading it? #5: Culture provides a “moral imperative”; that is, the culture that we internalize becomes the “right” way of doing things. (I, for example, believed deeply that it was wrong to push and shove to get ahead of others.) #8 – Are all people ethnocentric?
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All people are ethnocentric, which has both positive and negative consequences. What do sociologists mean by sick societies? Is it a valid term? Culture relativism. Robert Edgerton wrote Sick Societies , suggests that we develop a scale for evaluating cultures on their “quality of life.” Examples of sick societies are those who practice female circumcision, gang rape, wife beating, selling girls into prostitution. Cultural relativism
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2008 for the course SOC 001 taught by Professor Sturm,robertarth during the Fall '08 term at Penn State.

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Chapter 2 Soc Study guide - Chapter 2 How did the author...

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