Chapter 3 Soc Study guide

Chapter 3 Soc Study guide - Page 1 Chapter 3 1.) Human...

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Page 1 Chapter 3 1.) Human nature is comprised of (p64): Human nature : the fundamental nature and substance of humans, as well as the range of human behavior that is, believed to b invariant over long periods of time and across very different cultural contexts. (Wikipedia.org) 2.) Oskar and Jack (p64): Identical twins. Oskar was raised under Hitler and a Catholic view, Jack was raised under Jewish and anti-Hitler views. Their differences marked differences that must be a result of the Social Environment . They had different political and religious views, different work ethnics. For identical views, we can assume that they are a result of heredity. They both had in common: excelled at sports as children, difficulty with math, same rate of speech, both liked sweet liqueur and spicy foods, both flushed the toilet before and after going, and they both enjoyed startling people by sneezing in crowded elevators. Excellent information on the debate of Heredity or Environment. Social Environment : the entire human environment, including direct contact with others. 3.) Feral Children (p65): Feral Children : children assumed to have been raised by animals, in the wilderness, isolated from other humans. Example: “Wild boy of Aveyron” Example: Boy found in the jungles of Cambodia. It’s a holiday in Cambodia. Pull. Pot. Pull. Pot. Most studies cannot be done due to the rarity of happenings, so they study isolated children. 4.) What is the key to human development? (p65): Without language, humans have no mechanism to develop thought.
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Page 2 Without LANGUAGE!, there can be no culture – no shared way of life – and culture is the key to what people become. And culture is what superimposes the specifics of what we become onto our biological heritage. Besides that, TLC (tender luvin care) is important, but not the most important! 5.) Wild boy of Aveyron (p65): “Wild boy of Aveyron,” a Feral child. Had high tolerance to cold and pain, and attacked small animals growling at them and eating them raw. Mmm. 6.) Skeels and Dye – Problem with infant care… especially IQ (p66): Studied the results of kids in orphanages with little TLC. Nurses would speed through diaper changes and basically every aspect of attention to serve all the kids quickly and efficiently (little or no “TLC”). “Perhaps, thought Skeels and Dye, the absence of stimulating social interaction was the problem, not some biological incapacity on the part of the children.” They tested this by taking 13 supposedly retarded children that no one wanted to adopt, and put them with a bunch of adult retards. The retards gave them attention and buh-bamm they got the TLC needed and scored higher on IQ tests. “Not only did they take care of the infants’ physical needs – diapering, feeding. . but also they loved to play with the children. They cuddled them and showered them with attention.” Now they compared those kids with other supposedly not quite as retarded kids who were raised in the orphanage and guess who won? The ones raised by the retards got
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Chapter 3 Soc Study guide - Page 1 Chapter 3 1.) Human...

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