Chapter 4 Soc Study guide

Chapter 4 Soc Study guide - Chapter 4 1. Macrosociology,...

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Chapter 4 1. Macrosociology, Microsociology (96): Macrosociology : analysis of social life that focuses on broad features of society, such as social class and the relationships of groups to one another; usually used by functionalists and conflict theorists. Think large scale observing of statistical figures or something. Microsociology : analysis of social life that focuses on social interaction; typically used by symbolic interactionists. Think small scale, monitoring individual’s behavior. 2. Which approach is needed to fully understand society (97)? Boff. “Sociologists use both macro and micro levels of analysis to study social life.” 3. Social interaction, Social structure (97): Social interaction : people’s interaction with one another. (pretty self said) Social structure : the framework that surrounds us, consisting of the relationships of people and groups to one another, which gives direction to and sets limits on behavior. The sociological significance of social structure is that it guides our behavior. Example: If you just won the lotto, Social structure states that you won’t parade around all your classrooms in celebration, you would attain a presentable conforming behavior as the role of a student. 4. Social class, Weber, Marx, Status, Status set, Ascribed Status, Achieved Statuses (99): Social class : according to Webber, a large group of people who rank close to one another in wealth, power, and prestige; according to Marx, one of two groups: capitalists who own the means of production or workers who sell their labor. Social class influences our behaviors and our ideas and attitudes.
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Chapter 4 Soc Study guide - Chapter 4 1. Macrosociology,...

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