REL 101 ENTIRE NOTES - The Former Prophets-Refers to the...

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The Former Prophets -Refers to the Narrative Historical Books -Narrative books referred to as former Prophets -The Remainder are called the latter Prophets -These titles do not refer to chronology but to the placement of the texts -Author of Joshua through Kings is often called the Deuteronomistic historian -Books reflect the literary and theological character of Deuteronomy -Ch. 1-3 is believed to added as a n intro to the materials -Deut. Functions as a bridge between the material in Torah and the Prophets -The Prophets: Former and Latter… -Gives a false perception -Bear witness -Theological perspective of the former prophets is defined by Deuteronomy -Land promised are now coming -“’I will make you into a great nation and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you.’’’(Gen. 12:2-3) -“On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram and said, ‘To your descendants I give this land, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates-the land of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites, Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites, Jebusites.’” (Gen. 15:18-21) -“’Moses my servant is dead. Now then, you and all these people, get ready to cross the Jordan River into the land I am about to give to them-to the Israelites.’’”(Joshua 1:2) -Israel’s concept of God is turning these other ideas on their head -Be strong and very courageous The Book of Judges -Time period: Between the Death of Joshua and the rise of the monarchy in Israel - Israel Fights the Remaining Canaanites -Joshua’s leadership has already begun to break down -Begins with the tribes co-operating in conquest -”After the death of Joshua, the Israelites asked the Lord, ‘Who will be the first to go up and fight for us against the Canaanites?’” -Ends with the tribe united against one of their own -”As Moses had promised, Hebron was given to Caleb, who drove from it the three sons of Anak. The Benjaamites, however, failed to dislodge the Jebusites, who were living in Jerusalem; to this day the Jebusites live there with the Benjamites” -What is a judge? -Not primarily judicial officials -Military leaders and clan chieftains -Main figures about whom the tales are told
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-Note the preface -Summarizes the pattern of the accounts -Simply means these are the people who ruled; called charismatic rule by some. Emphasis on leadership is a continued theme -Leadership is a major theme -Deeply flawed -The Work of Judges: Threefold Nature -Spirtually: they uphold the cause of the Lord Applied God’s Judgment -Judicially: settle personal and tribal dispute -Militarily the lead the army during war time -Better described as a spiral: Has a cyclical Nature of spiral -A number of recurring phrases or motifs -they do evil (not specific) -Prompts the anger of God -Cry out during oppression -Lord hears cry and raises up a deliverer -empowered by the spirit of the lord
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REL 101 ENTIRE NOTES - The Former Prophets-Refers to the...

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