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study guide mid term 3

study guide mid term 3 - BehavioralTherapies 1 (

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Behavioral Therapies 1. Important Basic Learning Therapies Classical Conditioning- pairing neutral stimulus with unconditioned stimulus to create conditioned behavior Operant Conditioning- changing frequency of behavior based on consequences (reinforcement praises desired behavior, punishment removes undesired behavior) Modeling/Observational Learning Shaping/Extinction- shaping is when you reward each step in a behavior sequence via successive approximations, and extinction is punishing behavior to remove it 2. Components of behavioral conceptualization All behavior, normal and abnormal, is acquired and maintained through the same basic learning principles It’s not necessary to find an underlying cause for maladaptive disorders; the behavior is the disorder It’s not usually necessary to find how a specific behavior was learned; focus should be on the factors that are currently maintaining the behavior Most maladaptive behaviors can be modified through the application of learning principles, aka learned or unlearned and replaced by new and adaptive, learned behaviors Treatment methods are specifically tailored to the needs/situation of client; progress of treatment is continually monitored, and outcome is evaluated objectively 3. Goals of behavior therapy Must use behavioral therapy mechanisms of reducing/eliminating problematic behaviors and increasing adaptive behaviors Therapist must serve as a coach and educator. They must also be directive, clear, and specific, and work collaboratively with their patient in planning goals of therapy and executing the procedures to attain their goals. Behavioral assessment is important, meaning success of treatment must constantly be monitored Combination therapy can be used, meaning that client and therapist can switch from one technique to another to attain goals of therapy 4. Behavior Therapy Techniques Systematic Relaxation- It is based on the idea that anxiety and relaxation cannot coexist, they mutually inhibit e/o. Technique generally used when person has particular phobia that seriously prevents them from engaging in specific adaptive/useful or typical behaviors. 3 steps: 1) patient trained in relaxation technique (progressive muscle relaxation PMR, autogenic relaxation, meditation, hypnosis, etc), 2) construct an anxiety hierarchy (list of scary scenes involving phobia and rank them based on anxiety level) and 3) successively pairing each level of anxiety hierarchy with a relaxation technique. When patients can visualize a scene while remaining relaxed, they move onto next level, until patient can visualize all levels. Debate over whether or not it really works. Exposure Therapy- based on idea that constant exposure and response prevention (not allowing escape) can teach clients that there is really nothing to fear, teaching them 2 relax by themselves eliminating fear; no relaxation taught, and patient is made
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anxious through exposure to feared stimulus or being instructed to imagine
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