Pages of Pages of H1301 Unit 1 Lecture One class 2008 [5]

Pages of Pages of H1301 Unit 1 Lecture One class 2008 [5] -...

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15 th Century Europe: Rise of Nation States - National rivalries, based on economics, decided by warfare: – Efficient administrations – document / process based for taxation, control and trade in a money economy. Bureaucracies requiring trained, educated, and paid administrators • Military / Naval / Economic innovations demanded support of • Rising wages for increasingly specialized labor • Development of commercial / administrative “Middle Class” of consumers demanding a better standard of living • Increasing technology & production costs • Fixed amount of wealth – quest for the bigger area & portion
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Unformatted text preview: – Marco Polo (1254 – 1324 “luxurious east” • – Continual wars over Spain after defeat of Islam in France 732 – Failure of Crusades (1000 to 1300) to check Islamic growth – Byzantium conquered by Islam in 1453 – Muslim North Africa consolidating deeper • – Cog / Caravel / Galleon - with lateen and square sails Unit 1– Lecture One Hollinger 1301 Hybrid 5 – Sextant / maps / stars – Celestial navigation – latitude from height of the sun or North Star – (needed an accurate clock)...
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