History Test 1

History Test 1 - History Test 1 Christopher...

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History Test 1 Christopher Columbus - “Cristobol Colomb” -sail West to reach East -discovered America but thought it was the Indies -called them the Indians -knew world was round but thought it was smaller -Columbus Day-always on a Monday Leif Ericsson -Viking -found Vinland St. Brendon -Irish Monk -sailed shores of NA (myth) Magelin -1 st to sail around the world (circumnavigation) -killed in Philipeans Moors control Southern Spain Zeitgeist - Time Ghost - Spirit of the Times Magna Carta - “Great Charter” - can’t take away certain rights Rise of Capitalism - rising middle class -profit by business & industry -start making more money then nobility -taxed by middle class go to King not Nobility -king becomes stronger than standing army Line of Demarcation -Pope’s declaration giving al non-Christian land to Spain Treaty of Tordesilles -moved the line Europeans spread diseases to Natives Medicine men couldn’t fight diseases - died!!
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Hernan Cortes -found Mexico -natives thought he was their god & opened him with opened arms -natives lost b/c they did not have good weapons Futal Contract -Noblesse Oblige - “Noble Obligation” -Natives not part of it, only Christians Mendez de Aviles -founded St Augustine -1 st Settlement in North America Ponce de Leon -founded the Fountain of Youth John Cabot -England began sailing -founded Italy Jacques Cartier -France began exploring -founded France Henry Hudson -sailed for the Dutch -looked for the Norwest Passage -founded New Netherland -Spain - strongest / most powerful navel force b/c 1 st to NA -Spain tried converting Native Americans to Catholicism - some did willingly -Christmas - Feast of Mithras (Romans) Mercantilism -tried to make the whole nation self sufficient -Nation must have strongest military England -wants the colonies to provide / produce what they can not -wanted to convert the Native Americans to Protestantism
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King Henry VII -House of Lancaster - “Red Roses” \ war of -Hours of York - “White Roses” / the roses ^^ Primogeniture -1 st born son inherits everything, do not split w/ all sons ^^ Arthur -1 st son -married Cathorine of Aragon -Dowry - money to groom’s family ^^ Henry VIII -went to mass 5x a day -wanted to get career in the church -has POWER!! -hated Martin Luther - Dispensation - bending of the rules -marries Cathorine of Aragon - has Mary -divorces & Pope won’t give Dispensation -creates Church of England (Anglican Church) -Church in England (Roman Catholic Church) -gives self a divorce - Arch Bishop of Canaberry has to say yes -marries Anne Boleyn - lady in waiting & pregnant - has Elizabeth -charges her w adultery & is beheaded -marries Jane Seymour - has Edward - they boy die -marries Cathorine Howard - named after Cathorine of Aragon -charges her w adultery & is beheaded -marries Anne of Cleves - divorces -marries Cathorine Parr -Henry died ^^ Lady Jane Grey -Queen for 9 days -Mary (1 st daughter) executes her -Mary marries Phillip II of Spain but he wants Jane = WAR!!!
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2008 for the course HIST 020 taught by Professor Green,charlesaug during the Spring '08 term at Penn State.

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History Test 1 - History Test 1 Christopher...

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