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Outline of slides - American Government Lecture 19...

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American Government Lecture 19 - Political Participation Announcement *Exams graded *Not certain on curve yet *Grades posted tonight Political Participation *Political Participation *Any attempt to impact government *The actions of government *The issues addressed by government *The membership of government *Only matters in a Democracy *Making your preferences known *Turning ignorance into knowledge *Turning knowledge into preferences *Turning preferences into action *Use of Power Power *The ability to do or influence something *Ruling is having power over society *Democracy is rule by the People *How do the People rule society? *Masses vs. Elites *The masses elect officials *Elected officials make decisions *Is power limited to decision-making? *Do elites have total power over society? *Three Faces of Power *Decision-Making *Agenda Setting *Issue Recognition Decision-Making *Power of making a choice *Choosing between available options *Most obvious use of power *Elections *Choice between candidates *Congressional votes *Floor votes on legislation *Presidential Signing of Legislation *Veto or not veto *Supreme Court decisions *Constitutional or unconstitutional *Better supported option wins
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*People get to vote *Whoever gets more votes wins Agenda Setting *Power of choosing the options to choose from *Issues and potential solutions *Limits what people can choose *Subtle form of power *Telling people what is important *Forming potential solutions *Setting agenda can determine results *Those who set agenda control results *Any choice will benefit them *Decision-making is made arbitrary *Can impact participation *If options don’t benefit them, why participate? An example: Elections *Who would you vote for: *A. Abe Lincoln *B. George Washington *Who would you vote for: *A. Osama Bin Laden *B. George Washington *Who would you vote for: *A. Osama Bin Laden *B. Adolf Hitler Another Example: Issues *Which issues will Congress deal with: *A. Resolving the Iraq War *B. Fighting Terrorism *C. Mortgage Crisis *What if you care about: *D. Environment *E. Health Care *F. Human Rights in China Identifying Issues and Interests *Power to recognize what is in your interest *What issues impact you? *What can be done about it? *How can that be accomplished? *Held by everyone, not always realized *Must be learned or considered *Can be forgotten *Political Efficacy *What can you do to get it done? *What is in your interest?
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*What can you accomplish? An example *2000 Election - Bush v. Gore *Bush as a “Compassionate Conservative” *No Foreign Policy agenda *Focuses purely on Domestic issues *9/11 reverses this *Events dictate issue concern *Gains media attention *Provide an example of an issues importance *John Gaventa, “Power and Powerlessness” Forms of Participation *Many forms, but one obvious one *Voting *Other important means *Staying informed *Discussions *Opinion formation *Contacting Representatives *Campaigning *Lobbying *Litigation *Protest Voting *Single most obvious form of participation
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This note was uploaded on 09/19/2008 for the course POLI SCI 103 taught by Professor Anderson during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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Outline of slides - American Government Lecture 19...

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