NR 501-Concept Analysis - Running head CONCEPT ANALYSIS OF...

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Running head: CONCEPT ANALYSIS OF KOLCABA’S THEORY OF COMFORTConcept Analysis of Kolcaba’s Theory of ComfortJessica Ellen ArnoldChamberlain College of NursingNR 501: Theoretical Basis for Advanced Nursing PracticeSeptember 2016
CONCEPT ANALYSIS OF KOLCABA’S THEORY OF COMFORTA concept analysis is an assignment used to help a nurse or researcher become accustom to a concept. A concept is a measurable variable related to a hypothesis or theory. A concept must be analyzed to determine its variable. There are eight steps involved in a concept analysis. Concept analysis allows for nurses and researchers to fully understand the importance of a theory, and provides perception to nursing knowledge. Concept analysis allows nurses to create interventions that help with a patient’s physical, environmental, and psychosocial health outcomes (Brush, Kirk, and Baiardi, 2011). Throughout this paper, comfort will be the concept chosen to be analyzed. Comfort has been chosen from Katharine Kolcaba’s Theory of Comfort, which was written in the 1990’s. This paper will cover several sections on the concept of comfort including: an explanation of the selected nursing concept, a literature review, defining attributes, the antecedents and consequences of comfort, empirical referents related to comfort, a model case, an alternative case, and a conclusion.Definition and ExplanationMacmillin dictionary defines the concept of comfort as a physically relaxed state, withoutpain or other unpleasant feelings (Rundell, 2016). Comfort is an essential concept for all human beings, and it is a desirable outcome in healthcare. Comfort is frequently used in many different contexts in nursing. This concept has developed many different meanings over the course of time, but it is more commonly referred as a patient’s physical aspect. Comfort begins at the beginning of one’s life and will last through their dying day. Nurses aim to provide comfort to the patients in any environment they choose to practice in (Krinsky, Murillo, and Johnson, 2014).Katharine Kolcaba’s theory of comfort has been arranged into three different formations. These formations include relief, ease, and transcendence. Relief is something one seeks when they are in physical pain, emotional pain, or distress. Ease is described as one being comforted 2
CONCEPT ANALYSIS OF KOLCABA’S THEORY OF COMFORTafter pain or stress such as apprehension being removed from the situation. Transcendence is a form of comfort where one is able to conquer their challenges. There are also four different contexts experienced by patients used in the comfort theory. These contexts include the following: physical, psychospiritual, sociocultural, and environmental. Once combining the three formations and the four different contexts, a grid may be produced to help guide the different contents of comfort. This grid is also known as the taxonomic structure of comfort.

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