Sociology notes exam 2

Sociology notes exam 2 - SociologyExam 2 notes The Sexes...

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Sociology Exam 2 notes The Sexes The trade in women Traditional wedding vows “Cherish and obey” How did men come to treat women like property? Evolutionary psychology Genetic inheritance accounts for half of behavioral variation among humans Nature vs. nurture Sexual dimorphism and the tendency of newborns to exhibit random mutations Murations affect reproductive success with long term consequences for gene pool Consequences for behavior Sexual aggression Jealousy—wouldn’t want his women sleeping around Competition Preference for own property Ancient patriarchal family structure and civil rights Contemporary crime rates Men killing their girlfriends/wives at a very high rate Overall result—possession and exchange of women by men Industrialization Move from labor-intensive agrarian production change everything Family is no longer the unit of production Individuals leave family homes for employment Children are no longer in such high demand Male citizens assume remunerative positions to subsistence service work. Women, immigrants, and former slaves kept to subsistence service work Victorian bargain: women “tame” the dogs 20 th century drift towards equality Women, immigrants, and former slave communities slowly take family-wage jobs in order to support families Gender and racial/ethnic difference slowly, and with much struggle, lose salience Civil rights laws are rewritten under pressure Public displays of violence by male citizens against women, immigrants, and former slaves lose legitimacy Modes of solidarity When economic incentive for maintaining solidarity groups diminish, sentimental ones take their place and rates of participation drop Community as unit of production in ancient world gives way to voluntary religious groups Family as unit of production gives way to voluntary kin groups and romance Children on farms Children Ancient world—roughly treated farm labor 20 th century—the priceless child Fertility rates drop as practical costs rise and benefits vanish Today’s child—purely sentimental Economic incentives decline, sentimental ones appear Division of labor Occupation segregation—women vs. men Marriage quiz Widowers are more anxious to remarry and describe marriage as an ideal state
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Men are not threatened by female peers, and prefer women with money or at their level Divorce rates in the 50s were higher than in the early part of the 20 th century, but lower than it is now Strong nuclear families focust on marital intimacy and parenting don’t strengthen community because they focus inward Public/private split Based upon the rise of industrial labor and consequent physical separation of paying work from family homes Public—sites of employment and governance Private—sites of unpaid reproduction (home) Men took the public world for themselves and either exalted women in the private realm or to stigmatized public work Occupational segregation Based upon the gender roles of the Victorian marital bargain, with its public/private split. Desegregation has been the task of feminism: the political expression of professional women
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2008 for the course SOC 1004 taught by Professor Mdhughes during the Spring '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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Sociology notes exam 2 - SociologyExam 2 notes The Sexes...

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