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genetics 1 - -enzymes are catalysts lowering the activation...

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Introduction to Genetics (Klug) Chapter 1 -Genes: units of inheritance that control traits. They exist in pairs and they separate from each other during gamete formation. Genetics: study of heredity and variation -Diploid number (2n), homologous chromosomes (chromosomes existing in pairs in diploid cells), mitosis, meiosis(gamete formation in animals and spore formation in most plants), haploid (n), -Chromosome theory of inheritance: inherited traits are controlled by genes residing on chromosomes that are faithfully transmitted through gametes, maintaining genetic continuity from generation to generation. -Mutation, allele, phenotype, genotype -Bacteriophage (virus with a protein coat surrounding a DNA core) -RNA is generally single stranded and can form complementary structures with DNA
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Unformatted text preview: -enzymes are catalysts, lowering the activation energy, hemoglobin (the oxygen binding pigment in red blood cells), insulin (pancreatic hormone), collagen (the connective tissue molecules), keratin (the structural molecule in hair), histones (proteins integral to chromosome structure in eukaryotes), actin and myosin (contractile muscle proteins), immunoglobulins (antibody molecules of the immune system).-restriction enzymes: enzymes that cut DNA to produce fragments-genomics: study of genomes. Uses nucleotide sequence information to study phenotypes and evolution of genes and genomes-model organisms: organisms used to study the biological processes....
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