CLCIV 102 notes - CLCIV 102 1/11 Haruspicy Etruscan...

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CLCIV 102 1/11 - Haruspicy – Etruscan practice of trying to predict the future based on animal innards Aspects of Roman culture influenced by Etruscans - Gladiatorial shows o Origin in Etruscan culture o Swordfighting one of Etruscan funeral games to honor the death of a great man o Gives the dead man armed company into the underworld - Horse racing and charioteer races o Also originated in Etruscan culture o 1 st of the Etruscan kings built great racetrack used by Romans - Clothing o Toga is originally Etruscan - Reclining at meals – Greek custom borrowed by Etruscans and later by Romans - Theater - Greek historian theompomous (4 th century bc) – did not approve of Etruscan women. o went out in public, spent much time on bathing and dressing, reclined in presence of strange men, exercised with men o raised all children knowing father or not. Sometime children received mother’s last name Etruscan became almost synonymous with term “prostitute.” Sexually permissive as a society - Height of Etruscan power reached in 6 th century bc o Still had some influence into 5 th century bc o As late as 410 bc Etruscan priests were summoned to conjure lightning Early Kings of Rome and the Foundation of the Republic - Kingdom is not hereditary o Kings elected by comitia curiata - Errors in dating, particularly in dates of ruling and taking the throne - Kings o Romulus – originator of Rome. Rape of Sabine women may be symbolic of Rome’s desire to establish connections with nearby towns. No historical evidence that a ruler name Romulus ever existed. o Numa Pompilius – was attributed the creation of most of Rome’s religious practices Name is Sabine and is identified as such by Livy.
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o Tullus Hostilius – Said to be very warlike. Name related to the word for enemy. Supposedly offspring of famous Roman warrior. Symbolized Rome’s ambitious and warlike nature o Ancus Marcius – Numa’s grandson. o Lucius Tarquinius Priscus – said to be Etruscan. Supposed to be son of Demoratus who was exiled from Greece and settled in Etruscan city. Named “king” in Etruscan – doubtful story. Assassinated by sons of previous kings who were deprived of throne. o Servius Tullius – Servius derived from word “slave.” Close associate of Tarquinius Priscus. Founder of many characteristic institutions. Said to have created census and 5 classes of classification based on wealth. o Lucius Tarquinius Superbus – Son of first Etruscan king, Priscus. Superbus means “arrogant.” - Foundation of the republic o Republic – “the public matter” o Founded 510 bc – same year as expulsion of last tyrant from Athens in Greece Romans often tied their culture to Greeks, either from feelings of superiority of inferiority - Rape of Lucretia (1570 – 76) o During reign of last king, Lucius Tarqiunius o Son, Sextus Tarquinius was in drinking binge with friends o Head back to Rome to see what wives were doing while they were away seiging town o
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CLCIV 102 notes - CLCIV 102 1/11 Haruspicy Etruscan...

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