OrgComm-Ch04ADW - Fundamentals of Organizational...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–13. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Fundamentals of Organizational Communication Communication Implications of Major Organizational Theories Chapter 4
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Scientific Management School Scientific Management perspective theoretical approach to organizations that emphasizes organizational design,worker training for efficiency, chains of command, and division of labor. The perspective rests on the assumption that work and organizations can be rationally or “scientifically” designed and developed.
Background image of page 2
Major Scientific Management Theories Principles of Scientific Management: Frederick Taylor (1856-1915) Four Essential Elements Careful selection of workers Inducing and training the worker by the scientific method Equal division of work between management and workers Discovering the scientific method for tasks and jobs
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Major Scientific Management Theories Principles of Scientific Management: Frederick Taylor (1856-1915) Time and Motion Study a technique for determining the efficiency of production through work observation and time measurements; used to develop work standards that can be measured for efficiency.
Background image of page 4
Major Scientific Management Theories Principles of Management: Henri Fayol (1841-1925) Credited with the first known attempt to describe broad principles of management for the organization and conduct of business.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Fourteen Principles of Management: Henri Fayol Division of work Authority Discipline Unity of Command Unity of direction Subordination of individual interests to the general interest Remuneration Centralization Scalar chain Order Equity Stability of tenure of personnel Initiative Esprit de corps
Background image of page 6
Fourteen Principles of Management: Henri Fayol His discussion of the scalar chain is the only known treatment of horizontal communication found in organizational literature until the writings of Chester Barnard in 1938. “the chain of superiors ranging from the ultimate authority to the lowest ranks”
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Principles of Bureaucracy: Max Weber (1864-1920) The father of bureaucracy Three types of authority Charismatic Traditional Bureaucratic
Background image of page 8
Principles of Bureaucracy: Max Weber Bureaucracy organizations based on formalized rules, regulations, and procedures, which make authority rational as opposed to charismatic or traditional. Chain of command the formal authority and reporting structure of an organization.
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Communication Implications of Scientific Management Theories Communication was to be a tool of management designed to facilitate task completion Train employees Give daily instructions Communication was to be formal Messages primarily from supervisors to subordinates
Background image of page 10
Communication Implications of Scientific Management Theories Communication was viewed as rational and functioning to reduce uncertainty about task expectations and measurement
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Communication Implications of Scientific Management Theories The Functional approach to
Background image of page 12
Image of page 13
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/20/2008 for the course COMM 425 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '08 term at Ashford University.

Page1 / 91

OrgComm-Ch04ADW - Fundamentals of Organizational...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 13. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online