OrgComm-Ch06ADW - Fundamentals of Organizational...

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Fundamentals of Organizational Communication Groups in Organizations Chapter Six
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Groups in Organizations Small-group experiences - individual involvement in the formal and informal groups formed within organizations for task or social support.
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Groups in Organizations Small Group Experiences Group – “a collection of more than two persons who perceive themselves as a group, possess a common fate, have organizational structure, and communicate over time to achieve personal and group goals” (Baird 1977)
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Groups in Organizations Small Group Experiences This definition places communication relationships at the core of group activity. As such, groups can be understood in terms of how they are formed and structured, how individuals understand their dependence on one another, and how members communicate.
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Small Group Experiences Organizational Needs Task efficiency Problem-solving Planning Negotiation
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Small Group Experiences The underlying assumption is that the efforts of numbers of individuals exceed individual efforts requiring energy and creativity for either completing tasks or examining issues.
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Small Group Experiences Groups also contribute to establishing the shared realities of the organization. Expectation of conduct Rules
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Types of Groups Primary work teams - group to which an individual is assigned upon organizational entry. 3 common features of competent work team members The possession of essential skills and abilities A strong desire to contribute The capability of collaborating effectively
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Types of Groups Long-standing teams - relatively permanent groups of individuals organized for task accomplishment. develop ways of doing things that not only make qualifications for new members clear but also identify expected behaviors for members. Can limit creativity and change
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Types of Groups Project teams - work group established for the duration of a specific assignment. Highly specialized individuals Little history and few traditions Need to establish trust and relationships
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Types of Groups Prefab groups - work group designed and structured for frequent replacement of members. Prefab groups have detailed individual assignments requiring limited experience to produce specified products.
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Types of Groups Self-managing teams - a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, have a defined set of performance goals, and who execute an approach for which they hold themselves accountable.
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OrgComm-Ch06ADW - Fundamentals of Organizational...

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