Hist 1302 Study Guide 4 - History 1302 Exam #4 Victoria...

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History 1302 Exam #4Victoria Toudouze Tue May 12 00:51:58 CDT 2015Cold Warconflict between theSoviet Union and the United States after World War II. Dominated European and world politics for more thanforty years.GI Bill of Rights (GI Bill)1944-Congress passed Servicemen's Readjustment Act (aka GI Bill) to help ease transition of returning servicemen to civilian life-gave veterans an education and training paid for by gov.-provided loans to buy homes, farms, businesses, etc.Employment Act of 1946established national economic objectives in the areas of:1. Employment2. Economic growth3. Price StabilityUN Atomic Energy CommissionUS and allies had monopoly of nuclear weapons; UN commission broker deal that every nation undergo inspection to ensure nonation would make nukes; US surrender arsenal to UN; Soviets rejectTaft-Hartley Act of 1947-known as LMRA, Amended the Wagner Act-created after a great number of large scale strikes had nearly disabled the automobile,steel,& packing industries. Lead to public panic-balance of power b/t labor and management-Right to refrain from union activities & had pro-management law to level the unfair playing field in favor of unionsWhat are "Right To Work" laws?Laws that state no employer may require employees to join the unionNational Security Act of 1947The National Security Act of 1947 was signed by President Truman, and it reorganized the US Armed Forces and foreign policy afterWorld War II, including the consolidation of military branches into the DoD.C.I.A (Central Intelligence Agency)Agency established in 1947 that coordinates the gathering and evaluation of military and economic information on other nationsUnited Nations Security Councila 15 member council that carries the primary UN responsibilities for peace, security, and collective security operationsOrthodox View of Cold War~holds that Soviet Union was responsible for the Cold War.~led to U.S.A. to act defensivelyRevisionist View of Cold War~held that USA was responsible for the cold war~see the motives behind U.S. foreign policyIron Curtainsymbolized the ideological fighting and physical boundary dividing Europeinto two separate areas from the end of World War II in1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1989.ContainmentA political strategy adopted by the US to restrict Soviet expansion to other countries.
Truman Doctrine - 19471) a policy set forth in President Henry Truman's speech about U.S. supporting Greece and Turkey in military/economic aid to preventthem from Soviet Union takeoverMarshall Plan 1948Truman. US loans to rebuild Western European Industry. Also meant to unify Western Europe against communism.The West Berlin Blockade in 1948The issue that led to the most dramatic confrontation was when Stalin attempted to get the Allies to leave West Berlin by denyingground access to the city. American and British planes moved supplies into west Berlin. ( The Americans had to carry out a long-running sirlift of supplies.)Berlin Airlift

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