art1910 guide

art1910 guide - Art 1910 Test #1 Study Guide Paleolithic...

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Unformatted text preview: Art 1910 Test #1 Study Guide Paleolithic Period (Old Stone Age) Lion Panel Chauvet Cave Present day France Animals are symbolic Discovered in 1996 30,000 BCE Oldest paintings known Depicts Lionesses hunting Rhinos Horse and Geometric Symbol Late Upper Paleolithic period Cave Painting Lascaux, France 13,000 BCE seemingly pregnant horse mysterious geometric symbol above horse Venus of Wllendorf Small female figure Made of limestone Formed 25,000 years ago 23,000 BCE Found in present-day Austria Fertility sculpture Less than 5 in tall Features associated with pregnancy are stressed Face is obscured Arms crossed across breasts QuickTime • and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Neolithic (new stone age) Stonehenge South of England Consists of several circles of megaliths 2000-1500 BCE theory that it served as a calendar or sun dial Mesopotamia Occupied present day Iraq 2 Rivers: Tigris and Euphrates marked by continual warfare Sumer Region Sumerians were the first people to leave behind words (cuneiform) Ziggurat of Ur Temple or shrine raised on a monumental stepped base 2100-2050 BCE dedicated to the moon god Nanna visible for miles (Sumer was flat) priests would go to the temple (no longer visible) and communicate with the gods QuickTime • and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Ram in Thicket From Ur 2600 BCE small figure of a goat standing on forelegs propped on a flowering tree wooden core of gold foil, silver, and precious stone Babylonian Empire Established about 1830 BCE Ruler: Hammurabi Assyrian Empire Ruler Assurnasirpal II Palace had gates with enormous human headed winged lions Human Headed Winged Lion Called Lamassu Wears a horned cap signifying divine status Body has five legs QuickTime Ÿ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. QuickTime and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Appears motionless from the front Appears to be walking from the side Used for impression and intimidation Ishtar Gate From Babylon 575 BCE Glazed ceramic brick Two massive towers flanking a central Arch The walls are embellished with glazed ceramic animals, probably meant as spirit guardians. The Kingdom of Egypt Parallels in time to Mesopotamia Less political turmoil then Mesopotamia Protected to the south by rocky stretches of the Nile and to the east by vast deserts Stable art style Sun-god, RA The Great Sphinx The symbol of Egyptian art Built around 2530 BCE Q u ic k T im e Ÿ a n d a...
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art1910 guide - Art 1910 Test #1 Study Guide Paleolithic...

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