Facundo Essay_course_hero

Facundo Essay_course_hero - Bishop 1 HI 216 Dr. Bill Wisser...

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Bishop 1 HI 216 Dr. Bill Wisser 13 September 2006 Civilization and Barbarism The title of Domingo F. Sarmiento’s novel “Facundo or, Civilization and Barbarism” is a succinct and simple breakdown of the very complicated and turbulent landscape of Latin America in the nineteenth century. The title gives a broad understanding for the countless political upheavals, which resulted from the contradictory forces at play, pitting the caudillo rule of barbarism against societal progression under the under-resourced centralist vision of Civilization. While Sarmiento obviously exaggerates the account of Facundo and takes the side of the centralists , it is equally important to understand the meaning between the two conflicting concepts in order to see the tension in the right light. Emerging from colonial rule towards independence there was little change for the people in South America. The Caste system still remained strong as ever as the Creoles replaced the prominence of the Peninsulars; to the people this meant they were still ruled by white people. The rigid hierarchical social structure was there to stay as well. After independence, the Centralists had control and the vision, however lacked the resources to implement their grand visions of “Civilization.” To compound this matter, as graphically detailed by Sarmiento, caudillo rule was deeply ingrained in the culture as a whole and showed no “real” signs of changing. Many new leaders emerged without popular support
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Bishop 2 creating a void to be filled with those who wish to achieve power and control over others. During this time there was no national identity, except for that of barbarism among quarreling factions. Governments were frequently overthrown militarily in brutal displays of barbarity, undermining the legitimacy of the leader and government alike. This environment was ultimately conducive to barbarity and allowed it to grow by leaps and bounds.
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This note was uploaded on 09/21/2008 for the course HI 214 taught by Professor Billwisser during the Spring '06 term at N.C. State.

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Facundo Essay_course_hero - Bishop 1 HI 216 Dr. Bill Wisser...

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