Soc. 101 Durkheim essay assignment--Optional 2016 - Sociology 101 Development of Sociological Theory Fall 2016 Professor Prager\/Le McCoy Rees Stahl

Soc. 101 Durkheim essay assignment--Optional 2016 -...

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Sociology 101, Development of Sociological Theory Fall, 2016 Professor Prager/Le. McCoy, Rees, Stahl Take-Home Paper Durkheim in The Division of Labor in Society writes about “the forced division of labor” as an “abnormal form.” He writes (p. 312-3): “We may therefore state that the division of labor only produces solidarity if it is spontaneous, and to the degree that it is spontaneous. But spontaneity must mean not simply the absence of any deliberate, formal type of violence, but of anything that may hamper, even indirectly, the free unfolding of the social force each individual contains within himself. It not only supposes that individuals are not consigned forcibly to performing certain determined functions, but that no obstacle whatsoever prevents them from occupying within the ranks of society a position commensurate to their abilities. In short, labor only divides up spontaneously if society is constituted in such a way that social inequalities express precisely natural inequalities.

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