notes 9-12 - Self Report Data Clearance rate compares the...

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CJ 110 Notes 9-12 Characteristics of Crime o Crime versus deviance Crime is a small subset of deviance (you must break a law) You can be deviant without being a criminal o The expansion of Law o Changes over time (priorities shift) o Seriousness varies by place o Type of crime varies by place o What we know about murder Rare event 1990s declines City/place specific o Measuring Crime Official Data – any data provided by an organization Uniform crime reports o Description Reports began in 1930 collected by FBI 16,000 police agencies provide data voluntarily Reports of crimes known to police are included Reports voluntarily submitted by law enforcement o Limitations/problems with UCR Crime index Violent crimes – homicide, rape, robbery, aggravated assault Property crimes – vehicle theft (most likely to be reported to police), larceny, burglary, arson As seriousness of crime increases, the frequency of the crime decreases Victimization Data – surveying asking people
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Unformatted text preview: Self Report Data Clearance rate compares the number of rimes reported to the number of crimes solved by arrest or by other means On average 50% of all index crimes are reported to the police 26% of thefts 50% of burglaries 45% of rapes 57% of robberies Victims may not report crime State law definitions may be different than UCR definitions Systematic errors in reporting hierarchy rule Deliberate alteration Ignores a lot of criminal activity o Why crime went down in the 1990s Demographics baby boomers Drug market stabilization Unemployment decreased so more people working Improvements in criminal justice o The new UCR (NIBRS) Uses incident based not summary based reporting Expands data collected More victim offender data More circumstance Expands offense reporting 22 offenses Distinguish attempts Does not use hierarchy rule...
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This note was uploaded on 09/21/2008 for the course CJ 110 taught by Professor Maxwell during the Fall '08 term at Michigan State University.

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notes 9-12 - Self Report Data Clearance rate compares the...

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