eco 9.6.16 - 1 Goldin and Katz(1999 US higher educaTon...

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1. Goldin and Katz (1999) US higher education before WWII Increase specialization of knowledge in the organizational instruction Increase college attendance and increase in university size Increase in public greater than increase in private 2. Introduction 1890-1940: US higher education large size, large public sector, private sector, liberal arts college, research university absorption of professional schools into larger universities 3. Technological changes Increase specialization of knowledge academic fields (learned society: ACS, AEA, NGS) Scientific industries are being developed chemists are employed by governments or firms Immigration and urbanization led to social problems such as inequality, poverty, crimes led to the study of Social Darwinism or Marxism 4. Educational changes 19 th century: colleges had small number of faculty (classics, philosophy, religion, history) 20 th century (changes): increase division of labor, increase in number of faculty and students, increase in specialized courses 5. Enrollment Levels Increase in higher education Between 1860-1899: increased (432) colleges and universities Between 1890-1940: college enrollment increased 5 times
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