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Lecture 9(Slavery I)

Lecture 9(Slavery I) - HIST 3071 Louisiana History Spring...

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HIST 3071: Louisiana History Spring 2008 Dr. Alecia P. Long 2.19.08 SLAVERY IN LOUISIANA (1) : -Markets, Masters, Work, and Culture- The Bamboula, written by L.M. Gottschalks, as a metaphor. -based off of drum music from slave gatherings—call and response patterns -white man inspired by black slaves to create European classical music (piano) Why Study Slavery ? * It was an important labor system o Free labor o Un-free labor (slavery)—characterized life for individuals in the years before the Civil War * An economic phenomenon—the only thing that exceeded the value of slaves, before war, was land * As an important human phenomenon—for slaves and those who held slaves * As THE critical issue that led to the Civil War * From intro in textbook by John Rodrigue (page 5) – “To say simply that those who held slaves in the past were bad people and should be condemned…does not tell us much about slavery…but if we gain some insight…into how certain individuals justified the systematic oppression other human beings…” How Do Historians Know About Slavery ? * Most of our sources are incomplete * Business records o A slave trader’s account book (showed skin color, height…) o Slave-market circular (prices based on height) o Plantation records * Notarial or legal records o Every legal act in the 19 th century had to be notarized o Orleans Parish: Notarial archives ° Learn terms of sale ° Sometimes include drawings o Black code and evolution of laws regarding slavery * Visual evidence * Personal testimony – numbers are small o Frederick Douglass o Solomon Northrop’s personal biography, Twelve Years a Slave ° Free man who was kidnapped into slavery o Recorded interviews of former slaves ° Mostly interviewed people who only experienced slavery as children, but grew up with family that had experienced it head-on New Orleans: The Nation’s Biggest Slave Market : * Home to the biggest cluster of slave markets in the country * New Orleans convenient port for transfer/sale of slaves - 1 –
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HIST 3071: Louisiana History Spring 2008 Dr. Alecia P. Long o Easy to get to New Orleans ° From interior: marched them down river; slave coffles; only men in front were chained together (biggest risk for flight) ° Boats: best way for slaves to arrive in New Orleans * 1848—became illegal to import slaves from outside the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade; so inter-trade between states became popular o Many slaves were gathered and sent to the south for selling because of the huge slave market —por t of N.O. becoming THE most important port Slave Selling : * Public Auction o Common in early LA o There was a law that stated that children under the age of 10 could not be separated from their mothers—sometimes it was followed, most of the time it was not * Private Markets o Public Presence ° Not hidden away ° Part of urban markets Aka slave pens, such as in the NOLA downtown market
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Lecture 9(Slavery I) - HIST 3071 Louisiana History Spring...

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