Lecture 7(Battle of New Orleans)

Lecture 7(Battle of New Orleans) - HIST 3071: Louisiana...

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HIST 3071: Louisiana History Spring 2008 Dr. Alecia P. Long 2.12.08 THE BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS (BONO): -An Iconic American Military Battle- Timing : * April 30, 1812—Louisiana becomes a state * June 18, 1812—President Madison declared war on Great Britain Causes (British): * Impressing American seamen * Inciting/supporting frontier Indian attacks * Failed to evacuate forts on Canadian Border * Disdained American independence Divided Opinions in America : * Support for war sectional— o People in the west, south, and southwest tended to support o New Englanders divided; many hostile British Strategy (Divide and Conquer) : * Focus on destroying cities * 3 pronged attack plan: o North from Canada into New York o From the Atlantic into the Chesapeake o Inconclusive Outcomes : * “bunglers against incompetents” (Wall 125) * Mid 1814—a stalemate * August 1814—British captured and burned Washington o Devastating blow to the nation * Peace negotiations began Meanwhile, Down South : * Andrew Jackson engaged in subduing Creek Indians * Aug 9, 1814—Treaty with Creeks * Sept 15, 1814—repulsed British at Mobile * Oct 15, 1814—continued into Florida (without permission) Andrew Jackson : * An American icon himself * Deeply controversial * Owed British a “debt of retaliatory vengeance” - 1 –
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Lecture 7(Battle of New Orleans) - HIST 3071: Louisiana...

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