MSND ESSAY NOTES* - LOVE VS REASON-Athens is the city of reason daylightreason(cultural association-Forestmoves from Athens into the forest

MSND ESSAY NOTES* - LOVE VS REASON-Athens is the city of...

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LOVE VS REASON -Athens is the city of reason, daylight—reason (cultural association) -Forest—moves from Athens into the forest, nighttime—loss of reason; forest is associated with love & passion and not seeing things clearly -At Dawn, the sun comes up, the lovers leave the forest, goes back into Athens when the sun comes up, balance and reason are restored -There are multiple plots in the play – quartet of lovers, the fairies, the workmen -Each of these plots the same themes occur – love and conflict – they keep recurring in registers, each plot of characters is cast into different styles, cast as strikingly different poetic modes – the same motifs keep recurring in these different components -blind cupid -these four lovers seem to be interchangeable, they’re puppets, not distinguishable differences between the characters, LOVE’S DIFFICULTY: “The course of true love never did run smooth,” comments Lysander, articulating one of A Midsummer Night’s Dream’s most important themes—that of the difficulty of love (I.i.134). Though most of the conflict in the play stems from the troubles of romance, and though the play involves a number of romantic elements, it is not truly a love story; it distances the audience from the emotions of the characters in order to poke fun at the torments and afflictions that those in love suffer. The theme of love’s difficulty is often explored through the motif of love out of balance —that is, romantic situations in which a disparity or inequality interferes with the harmony of a relationship. The prime instance of this imbalance is the asymmetrical love among the four young Athenians: Hermia loves Lysander, Lysander loves Hermia, Helena loves Demetrius, and Demetrius loves Hermia instead of Helena—a simple numeric imbalance in which two men love the same woman, leaving one woman with too many suitors and one with too few. The play has strong potential for a traditional outcome, and the plot is in many ways based on a quest for internal balance; that is, when the lovers’ tangle resolves itself into symmetrical pairings, the traditional happy ending will have been achieved. Somewhat similarly, in the relationship between Titania and Oberon, an imbalance arises out of the fact that Oberon’s coveting of Titania’s Indian boy outweighs his love for her. Later, Titania’s passion for the ass-headed Bottom represents an imbalance of appearance and nature: Titania is beautiful and graceful, while Bottom is clumsy and grotesque. -Love out of balance -Love vs. Conflict -love tangle -four lovers -young lovers -quartet of young Athenians/ Athenian lovers - Metaphor of the Play: **To be in love is like wandering in a dark Forest at night** -Discorida Concors – Discordia transforms into concors or harmony, the antithesis is eventually resolved
-the play-within-a-play = self-reflexivity, metadrama = drama about a drama; the play introduces another dimension of the play—the idea of self reflexivity

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