Lecture 11(The Civil War in LA)

Lecture 11(The Civil War in LA) - HIST 3071: Louisiana...

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HIST 3071: Louisiana History Spring 2008 Dr. Alecia P. Long 2.26.08 LOUISIANA AND THE CIVIL WAR (1861-1865) : -Sectionalism, Secession, Occupation of N.O. & Coming of Emancipation- SECTIONALISM Rise of Sectionalism : * Compromise of 1850/Fugitive Slave Act * Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) * Dred Scott Decision (1857) * John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry (1859) Compromise of 1850/Fugitive Slave Act : * FSA made northerners feel as if they were being asked to support institution of slavery b/c it required them to return escaped slaves to their owners Dred Scott Decision (1857) : * Scott was a slave that was owned by an army doctor * Made argument that because he had lived in free territory, met his wife in free territory, and had children in free territory, he and his family should be freed * Sued for freedom and lost * US Supreme Court ruled that Scott could not and would not be a citizen in any way o Blacks had NO rights “which the white man was bound to respect” o Opinion heightens John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry (1859) : * Virginia, October 16/18, 1859 * * John Brown had a history of anti-slavery violence o He and his sons engaged in a massacre of those they believed were pro-slavery * Gained financial support from Northern abolitionists o He was to put together a plan to incite a slave rebellion * Not a very good plan—Pikes were confiscated in connection with John’s Brown’s raid at Harper’s Ferry o He failed to tell the slaves that he was coming o “It was so absurd that the slave, with all their ignorance, saw plainly enough it could not succeed.” – Abe Lincoln ° We see Lincoln as a great emancipator, but he still portrays them as ignorant * In the north, John Brown was seen as an anti-slavery martyr * Among African-Americans, Brown was also seen as a hero * In the South, Brown’s actions convinced many that the northern section was determined to destroy slavery o No longer room for compromise between the north and south - 1 –
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HIST 3071: Louisiana History Spring 2008 Dr. Alecia P. Long : * Voters begin to identify their interests on the basis of section rather than party * 1850s—Democrats prevail as the party of the South * Republican Party comes to dominate North o Against the southern “slave power” o Motto of “Free soil, free labor, free men” comes to dominate Republican party 1860 Presidential Election : * Democrats split over sectional issues * Four national candidates o J.C. Breckenridge (Southern Democrat) o Stephen A. Douglas (Northern Democrat) o John Bell (Constitutional Union) o Abraham Lincoln (Republican) Lincoln Becomes President : * Lincoln not even on ballot in 2/3 of slave states * Still elected in Nov. 1861 * South refuses to be ruled by a “Black Republican” President o Enormously upset that he won SECESSION Secession Begins : * December 1860—South Carolina secedes from the Union * Jan. 26, 1861—LA secedes from the Union o Popular vote was very close in LA
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This note was uploaded on 09/21/2008 for the course HIST 3071 taught by Professor Long during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Lecture 11(The Civil War in LA) - HIST 3071: Louisiana...

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