sociology extra credit paper

sociology extra credit paper - Social inequality is the...

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Social inequality is the existence of unequal opportunities and rewards for different social positions or statuses within a group or society. Unfortuantely, we have a lot of inequalities that happens between gender, race and healthcare especially in the United States. Two of the articles that were chosen was “White doctors and nurses on racial inequality in health care in the USA: whiteness and colour-blind racial ideology” and “Social inequalities in health: are there gender di erences?” “White doctors and nurses on racial inequality in health care in the USA: whiteness and colour- blind racial ideology” reports on an interdisciplinary project interviewing doctors and nurses about racial inequality in health care in the USA. We analysed data from interviews with twenty-two white doctors and nurses in which they were asked to offer explanations for racial inequality in health care. Results provide insight into how whiteness operates to provide white patients more often with appropriate health care and how colour-blind ideology can be adapted to accommodate naming white advantage and potential racial discrimination. However, even when naming mechanisms of white advantage in accessing resources, the white respondents avoided acknowledging how they are implicated in racial. While many studies document racial inequality in medical treatment across a variety of health problems in the USA (Smedley, Stith and Nelson 2003), research continues working to uncover and examine the sources of the inequality. Data from an interdisciplinary project of interviewing doctors and nurses about racial inequality in medical treatment revealed descriptions by whites of how whiteness operates to gain advantage for whites in health care. Results also provide insight into how colour-blind ideology can be adapted to accommodate whites naming white advantage and potential racial discrimination, while overlooking the potential culpability of the white speaker. In this paper, we describe these results and discuss the implications for understanding colour-blind ideology and white privilege.
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In the United States, as in many other societies, notions of race have been used to organize systems of inequality. People racially categorized as white have a privileged position in this system. While there is heterogeneity among whites in the USA, as there is among all social categorizations of people, material and social advantages are regularly conferred on whites through institutional means and everyday interactions. Yet, Lewis (2004) has noted that most whites lack a sense of ‘groupness’ as whites. Compared with people categorized as other races, whites rarely think about themselves as racial actors or subjects (Frankenberg 1993; Doane 2003; Lewis 2004). One challenge in studies of racial inequality is to uncover how whites gain advantage, despite failing to acknowledge that their group membership operates to provide it (Lewis 2004).
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  • Fall '11
  • CalvinSmith
  • Sociology, White people

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