Luther Study Questions - Study Questions Martin Luther 1...

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Study Questions Martin Luther 1. The scriptural passages that Luther cites which argue for the use of force by Christians include: Romans 13 [: 1] says that “Let every soul be subject to power and authority, for there is no power but from God. The power that is everywhere is ordained of God. He then who resists the power resists God’s ordinance. But he who resists God’s ordinance shall bring himself under condemnation” This passage reveals that God has given us the power to govern and rule. Hence, anyone who disregards the power or authority ordained by God must bear the consequences. The next passages-1 Peter [2:13-14] says that “Be subject to every kind of human ordinance, whether to the king as supreme, or to the governors, as to those sent of Him for the punishing of the evil and for the reward of the good.” This means that God has elected men of power and authority to reward good and punish evil. Genesis 9 [:6] says that “Whoso sheds man’s blood, his blood shall be shed again by man.” God commands that murderers must pay for their crimes unless they repent and are pardoned. Also, Exodus 21 [ :14] reveals that “If a man presumptuously kill thou shalt take him from My altar that he may die.” This passage suggests that God greatly condemns evil. Exodus 21[: 23] says that “A life for a life, an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, a foot for a foot, a hand for a hand, a wound for a wound, a bruise for a bruise.” Also, Mathew 26 [: 52] – “He that taketh the sword shall perish by the sword.” One who kills by the sword must die by the sword. The scriptural passages that Luther cites which argue against the use of force by Christians include: Luther argues against the use of force and violence by quoting the scriptures which forbids vengeance. Matthew 5[:38] “That a man shall not resist evil, but if any one strikes thee upon the right cheek, turn to him the other also; and whoever will go to law with thee to take thy coat, let him have the cloak also, and whoever forces thee a mile, with him go two miles” This quote suggests that men should not repay evil with evil and that one should overlook one’s evil doing.

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