final soc study guide

final soc study guide - SEX , gonads Herms: Ferms: Merms:...

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SEX Intersex - ambiguous biological sex, mixture of external genitalia and internal gonads Herms: Ovaries and Testis blend at birth Ferms: Ovaries and ambiguous genitalia Merms: Testes and ambiguous genitalia GENDER Gender Identity: internal sense of gender Gendered Role: a set of expectations linked to one's gender status Three Levels: individual attribute, identity, personality Interactional gender as doing, cultural expectations, meanings tied to situations Institutional Resource distribution, formal organizations, ideology, organizations STRUCTURE Structure: relatively stable framework of interactions MacroStructure: over all arrangement of basic components of our society Micro: individual, small group, face-to-face PROCESS process: doing something relationship between process and structure = River, structure and bank, process as river SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION, SOCIALLY CONSTRUCTED socially constructed: process of human endeavor varies in time and space relative and relational
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Social construction: humanly produced Varies: historical cross-cultural intra-social Sociological Imagination: Link individual biography with history and social structure Sociology: the study of human life/interaction. it is a way of seeing, trying to understand individual lives within broader, socially historical context. trying to make general statements about the behavior of individuals in a society Paradox of Human Group Life: all of us have free choice, but despite freedom to make these choices human develop pattern of social dynamics Based on 1-structure 2-culture 3-institutions Sport as Gendered: Rules/structure involves gender Sport as Gendering: Helps produce gender order, dramatizes gender identities (e.g., superior male strength) Institutional analysis: trying to connect two things structure and culture Real relations of inequality = structure girls do housework Legitimations, justifications = culture way we are placed in structure Hegemony: Relative stat of ascendency maintained through cultural processes those subordinated participate in own subordination cultural processes= church, school, media NEW STUFF RACE social fact - external, coercive/ constraining socially constructed- ascribed and achieved
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3 levels - individual, institutional, interactional Racialized: what race you tie to something ex, slavery, affirmative action PSYCHOSOCIAL DOMINANCE "psychosocial dominance ” refers to how racial minorities internalize racism and accept the primacy of Euro-American culture. compliance, dependency, thought control dominant vs subordinate group - subordinate group "allows" their own dominance PSYCHO-SOCIAL DOMINATION 1)Images (stick in our head, hegemony) 2)Laws (can resist laws) 3)Violence last because it underlies the system, it is a last resort othering-centered dynamics othering- creation of the "other". center/neutral/unmarked
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final soc study guide - SEX , gonads Herms: Ferms: Merms:...

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