Day+11_110116_PHI+015+Presentation

Day+11_110116_PHI+015+Presentation - November 1 2016 Dr...

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November 1, 2016 Dr. Rulli PHI 015: Introduction to Bioethics 1
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Today’s Agenda Reminder: Midterm this Thursday Bring your own scantron, pencil. Be on time. The Ethics of Researching on Non-Human Animals, cont. Moral Status of Animals, cont. Empirical premise 2
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Speciesism/Non-speciesism Non-speciesists can still think that certain capacities or features matter to moral status But species does not; species is only a very rough proxy for these capacities So on this view, a very intelligent, social, and emotionally developed dog may have more moral status than a congenitally, severely mentally disabled person Chickens will generally not have as much moral status as standard humans, due to capacities , not species 3
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Quick Aside What consequences do these arguments about the moral status of animals have on our consumption habits? Eating Wearing Otherwise using animals One question: Do their deaths matter morally? Second question: Does their suffering matter morally? Obviously, yes, to the second question Consuming products from factory farms (99%) is not morally justified 4
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Animals and Incapacitated Humans (“Marginal Cases”) If research is permissible in animals lacking capacity X, then it should be permitted in humans lacking capacity X Contrapositive: if research is not permitted in humans lacking capacity X, then it should not be permitted in animals lacking capacity X 5
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Animals and Incapacitated Humans (“Marginal Cases”) If research is permissible in animals lacking capacity X, then it should be permitted in humans lacking capacity X Contrapositive: if research is not permitted in humans lacking capacity X, then it should not be permitted in animals lacking capacity X What do you think?
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  • Spring '08
  • DWORKIN
  • Animal Rights, Type I and type II errors, empirical premise

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