Day_4_100416_PHI+015+Bioethics

Day_4_100416_PHI+015+Bioethics - October 4 2015 Dr Rulli...

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October 4, 2015 Dr. Rulli PHI 015: Introduction to Bioethics 1
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Today’s Agenda U-pow– email me if interested Essay 1 questions posted Questions on ethical theory? Methods: Principlism Dax’s Case, Autonomy, and Informed Consent No class this Thursday. Read Chapter 7 2
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Essay 1 3 Essay instructions and questions are posted on SmartSite in the resources folder Essay is due October 20, by beginning of class-time You will discuss how to write the essay and the questions in section The questions pertain to material we will cover this week
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Advantages of Kantianism Gets us the claim that people matter in and of themselves A theory with less scope, as O’Neill says: we don’t have to assess every single possible action to see which is optimal; we need only check our intended action and make sure it follows the FUL. 4
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Any Questions About Ethical Theory? 5 About consequentialism/utilitarianism About deontology/Kantianism
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Kantianism vs. Utilitarianism Utilitarianism focuses on happiness, welfare, beneficence Kantians focus on autonomy, rationality, human dignity These values will sometimes conflict— especially for those in medical professions! What are bioethicists to do? 6
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Methods for Bioethics Principlism Autonomy and Informed Consent 7
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Dominant Approach Tom Beauchamp and James Childress Principles of Biomedical Ethics (7 th Ed) First ed. In 1977 8
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Beauchamp and Childress’s Principlism What should we do when we cannot agree on the correct moral theory? B/C start with Common Morality: “norms about right and wrong human conduct that are so widely shared that they form a stable social compact.” Principlism: we can derive these common norms and they can serve as action-guides in our deliberation Cross-cultural Product of human history and experience, learned and transmitted through the generations B/C, Principles, p. 3-4 9
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Common Morality Don’t lie Don’t steal others’ property Keep your promises Respect the rights of others Do not kill or cause harm Prevent harm or evil from occurring Debate is not about whether these are the
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