Day_10_102716_PHI+015+Presentation

Day_10_102716_PHI+015+Presentation - Dr Rulli PHI 015...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–23. Sign up to view the full content.

October 27, 2016 Dr. Rulli PHI 015: Introduction to Bioethics 1
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Today’s Agenda Reminder: Midterm, Nov 3, Thursday Bring your own scantron The Ethics of Researching on Non-Human Animals Important Historical Cases Moral Status of Animals 2
Image of page 2
Lead up to Animal Welfare Act Sports Illustrated 3
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Lead up to Animal Welfare Act LIFE 4
Image of page 4
AWA and Major Amendments 1966- Laboratory Animals Welfare Act 1970- amendments, Animal Welfare Act 1985- 5
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Silver Spring Monkeys 6
Image of page 6
Gennarelli Monkey Experiments The “Tuskegee” of animal research 7
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

AWA and Major Amendments 1985 major amendment to AWA Psychological well-being of dogs and primates Instituted ACUC to review protocols and inspect facilities Required search for alternatives to painful/distressful procedures Limit of one major operation per animal Required pre/post-operative painkillers 8
Image of page 8
AWA and Major Amendments 2002- Farm Security and Rural Investment Act, amended AWA Official exclusion of birds, rattus, mus from federal protection 9
Image of page 9

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Covered Species 10
Image of page 10
Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, 8 th Ed For Public Health Services funded research Vertebrates used for research Guidance for compliance with different US regulations 11
Image of page 11

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

The Three Rs Replacement Methods that avoid using animals or use of animals lower on phylogenetic scale. Refinement Methods that enhance well-being, minimize or eliminate pain. Reduction Using fewer animals; maximizing information from given number of animals. 12
Image of page 12
Facts at a Glance 26M ? 1.13M 13
Image of page 13

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

At UC Davis (2015) 14 2,719 non-human primates (3,359 others not yet used in research) 30 dogs 419 cats 6 guinea pigs 59 hamsters 315 rabbits 125 sheep 90 pigs 2,117 other farm animals
Image of page 14
Summary-Takeaway Points 95% of research animals not protected by federal law There is serious effort to improve animal welfare in the scientific community– The Guide Still, there is a long way to go 15
Image of page 15

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) The “Animal IRB” Duties include: Review of protocols, ASPs (Animal Study Proposals) Annual inspection of facilities Ongoing assessment of animal care and use Mechanism for addressing concerns 16
Image of page 16
IACUC Membership Requirements Veterinarian Practicing scientist Nonscientist Member of public 17
Image of page 17

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Other ACUC Duties Facilities inspections Mechanism for addressing concerns 18
Image of page 18
19
Image of page 19

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Ethical Issues 20
Image of page 20
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Spring '08
  • DWORKIN
  • Carl Cohen

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern