communicable_terminology - Course name Epidemiology and Control of Communicable Diseases Lecture on Basic concept on communicable disease DR M U HA M M

communicable_terminology - Course name Epidemiology and...

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Course name: Epidemiology and Control of Communicable Diseases Lecture on: Basic concept on communicable disease DR. MUHAMMAD TAREQUE HASAN TEACHING ASSISTANT DEPARTMENT OF EPIDEMIOLOGY BUHS
Objectives Definition of communicable disease Terminologies uses in communicable disease Difference between communicable and non-communicable disease Classification of communicable disease
Communicable disease An illness due to a specific infectious agent or its toxic products capable of being directly or indirectly transmitted from man to man, animal to animal or from the environment ( through air, dust, soil, water, food, etc) to man or animal. ( WHO ) A disease which can get transmitted from one host or reservoir to another through transference of a sufficient quantity of the causative agent is called a communicable disease.eg, tetanus,malaria,enteric fever, tuberculosis etc.
Example Air borne/ Droplet borne: 1. Chicken pox 2. Acute Respiratory infection 3. Ebola . Water borne: 1. Diarrheal disease 2. Typhoid 3. Paratyphoid Food Borne: 1. Amoebiasis 2. Hookworm infections 3. Round worm . Vector Borne: 1. Dengue fever 2. Malaria 3. Filariasis . Zoonotic diseases: 1. Rabies 2. Plague 3. Brucellosis
Terminology Disease: a condition of the body or some part or organ of the body in which its functions are disrupted or deranged. example: fever, Hepatitis etc. Illness: Subjective state of the person who feels aware of not being well. example: Due to the fever he is not feeling well today. Disease awareness Sickness: is the state of social dysfunction. example: Due to the fever he missed the class. Social dysfunction
Cont. Agent: An agent is a substance, which may be living, or non-living or a force, which is tangible or non-tangible, whose mere presence, relative excess or relative lack, is essential for the occurrence of disease or health related events which may or may not be immediately manifested.

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