LESSON PLAN ANALYSIS: MR. JOHNSONS’ THE CASE OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF THE CASE OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM Mr. Johnsons’ lesson plan for his fifth grade elementary class is about the solar system and his objectives for this lesson plan is for students to understand the similarities and differences of the planets in the solar system and how they orbit and rotate within the solar system. Mr. Johnson has divided the lesson plan into two activities: (1) is a timed activity in groups wherein the students will use materials provided by Mr. Johnson to create a 3-D solar system requiring each planet to be labeled, (2) involves role play as the students go outside to create a mock solar system where each student represents a planet and they behave like a real solar system by rotating and orbiting, this second activity ends with the students finishing their 3-D model and journaling about what they have learned. Constructivism, is a philosophy of learning that is widely used in the education system as a result of its positive impact on learning and understanding. Constructivist’s point of view suggests that learners actively construct their own knowledge and social interactions are important in this knowledge construction process (Woolfolk, 2012 p.359). Constructivism views learning as an active process whereby the learner uses sensory inputs and constructs meaning from it, this implies that that the learner must do something that allows them to learn by engaging in the world. Mr. Johnson’s first activity which is timed can be viewed as an example of constructivism in that the students have been given specific instructions on what the activity entails which is preparing a model of a solar system with provided materials to use. This activity is an excellent choice for students to fully understand and make sense of the solar system by building a 3-D model of the solar system and its components. The timed activity represents a challenge for the students to use all of the knowledge they already have from their daily
ANALYSIS OF THE CASE OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM 2 objectives in learning about the solar system in class and apply this knowledge quickly to construct a 3-D model and label each planet individually. As with constructivism using real word examples like the solar system which is an integral part of the world such as planet Earth where students live and this allows them to relate well to the activity and express their understanding of what the solar system represents, its function and meaning it has in their everyday lives. By creating the model the teacher has provided an active technique for students to express themselves. Social Constructivism which directly relates to the social interaction involved in the construction of knowledge is implemented in this activity as it takes place in groups, this creates the interaction of working together to achieve this goal and gain knowledge.