McKelvey_CSLPA PEER Review - Running head CASE STUDY SOLAR SYSTEM LESSON PLAN ANALYSIS Case Study Solar System Lesson Plan Analysis Caitlin McKelvey

# McKelvey_CSLPA PEER Review - Running head CASE STUDY SOLAR...

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Running head: CASE STUDY: SOLAR SYSTEM LESSON PLAN ANALYSIS 1 Case Study: Solar System Lesson Plan Analysis Caitlin McKelvey Florida State University
CASE STUDY: SOLAR SYSTEM LESSON PLAN ANALYSIS 3 This lesson plan for Mr. Johnson’s fifth grade science class is about the solar system. Specifically, they are concerned with comparing and contrasting different planets in respect to rotation and orbit. Mr. Johnson achieves this lesson through models, class discussions, and hands-on demonstrations. He is trying to target his lesson to two English Language Learners, in an attempt to increase their overall progress in his class. The core components of this lesson are what was listed in the learning objectives. The students are focusing on the difference between rotation and orbit of the planets while taking the distance from the sun into account while discussing their rotating or orbiting speed. The students also focused on how the distance from the sun effects the planets’ ability to sustain plant and human life. This was done through hands-on demonstrations along with a period of discussion. The lesson plan shows an aspect of Cognitivism learning theory. The cognitive view of learning is an active mental process that occurs through the obtaining, retaining, and usage of stored knowledge. The Cognitive Information Processing Theory applies to this lesson plan because children, especially Anita and Raul, tend to retain information better when there is hands-on activities or models to work with. In this case, the Solar System is something that is unable to be studied to scale in the classroom because it is out of reach. Because it is intangible, models must be used to help understand the size, placement, and other qualities of the planets. The hands-on activity of the planets orbiting and rotating emphasize the explicit memory of the difference between the two in relation to the distance of the planets from the sun. The same goes for the candle activity. Through the discussion that the class will have after the candle activity, the lesson plan uses the Constructivism learning theory. Constructivism views that learning is process
CASE STUDY: SOLAR SYSTEM LESSON PLAN ANALYSIS 3 that is built over time as people gain new knowledge or more insight on a previously learned topic. Both the Individual Constructivism Theory and the Social Constructivism Theory come into play in this lesson plan. The students are discussing why heat or sunlight is need to sustain plant and human life. Students have learned about what plants need to

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