Week 4 - Task 1 Learning from the behaviorists point of view suggests that learning is when we acquire new behaviors based on our environmental

Week 4 - Task 1 Learning from the behaviorists point of...

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Task 1 Learning from the behaviorists’ point of view suggests that learning is when we acquire new behaviors based on our environmental conditions and that there is no independent activities of the mind, only observable behaviors that we adopt. Their experiments call this process conditioning and consider it a universal learning process. Task 2 Classical Conditioning is a learning process whereby internal responses such as fear, tension and other emotional and psychological responses result from a stimulus. An example of Classical Conditioning in the classroom; if a student associates negative emotional experiences with school, then this can obviously have bad results, such as creating a school phobia. For example, if a student is (UCS) bullied at school they may learn to (UCR) associate the school with fear. It could also explain why some students show a particular (CR) dislike of certain subjects that continue throughout their academic career. This could happen if a student is (CS) humiliated or punished in class by a teacher. Task 3 Operant Conditioning suggests that learning in relation to behavior is modified based on consequences of the behavior such as a reward or punishment. Learning due to the natural consequences of our actions. We learn this way every day in our lives. Imagine the last time you made a mistake; you most likely remember that mistake and do things differently when the situation comes up again. In that sense, you’ve learned to act differently based on the natural consequences of your previous actions. The same holds true for positive actions. If something you did results in a positive outcome, you are likely to do that same activity again. In a classroom setting after play time, the toys must be picked up and put away neatly for the next day. If the toys are not put away then there will be no play time the next day (negative reinforcement) and removing the stimulus. An example of positive reinforcement would be that every time students turn in their homework they get a sticker. This is considered adding a stimulus. Definition Behaviorism is a learning theory that only focuses on objectively observable behaviors and discounts any independent activities of the mind. Behavior theorists define learning as nothing more than the acquisition of new behavior based on environmental conditions.
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